TIMELINE: Major Flare-Ups Between Israel and Palestinian Terror Groups in Gaza

Smoke trails are seen as rockets launched from the Gaza Strip are intercepted by the Iron Dome on Sunday. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90)

(Reuters) – Israeli airstrikes hit Gaza and the Islamic Jihad terror group fired rockets into Israel on Sunday, the third day of violence that has killed about 30 Palestinians and sent Israelis in southern areas and cities including Tel Aviv and the Yerushalayim region into shelters.

It marks the most serious escalation between Palestinian terrorists in Gaza and Israel since an 11-day war last May.

The following timeline, which begins with Israel’s 2005 withdrawal from the Gaza Strip, includes the major flare-ups between Israel and Palestinian terror groups in the coastal enclave:

August 2005 – Israeli forces unilaterally withdraw from Gaza 38 years after liberating it from Egypt in the Six Day war, abandoning communities and leaving the enclave under the control of the Palestinian Authority.

Jan. 25, 2006 – The Islamist group Hamas wins a majority of seats in a Palestinian legislative election. Israel and the United States cut off aid to Palestinians because Hamas refuses to renounce violence and recognize Israel.

June 25, 2006 – Hamas terrorists capture IDF conscript Gilad Shalit in a cross-border raid from Gaza, prompting Israeli air strikes and incursions. Shalit is finally freed over five years later in a prisoner exchange.

June 14, 2007 – Hamas takes over Gaza in a brief civil war, ousting Fatah forces loyal to Palestinian Chairman Mahmoud Abbas, who is based in Yehudah and Shomron.

Dec. 27, 2008 – Israel launches a 22-day military offensive in Gaza after Palestinians fire rockets at the southern town of Sderot. About 1,400 Palestinians and 13 Israelis are reported killed before a ceasefire is agreed.

Nov. 14, 2012 – Israel kills Hamas’s military chief of staff, Ahmad Jabari, and eight days of Palestinian terrorist’s rocket fire and Israeli airstrikes follow.

July-August 2014 – The kidnap and brutal murder of three Israeli teenagers by Hamas, Hy”d, leads to a seven-week war in which more than 2,100 Palestinians are reported killed in Gaza and 73 Israelis are reported killed, 67 of them military.

March 2018 – Palestinian protests begin at Gaza’s fenced border with Israel and Israeli troops open fire to keep them back. More than 170 Palestinians are reported killed in several months of protests, which also prompt fighting between Hamas and Israeli forces.

May 2021 – After weeks of tension during the Muslim month of Ramadan, hundreds of Palestinians are injured in clashes with Israeli security forces at the Al Aqsa compound in Yerushalayim.

After demanding Israel withdraw security forces from the Al Aqsa compound, Hamas unleashes a barrage of rockets from Gaza into Israel. Israel hits back with air strikes on Gaza. Fighting goes on for 11 days, killing at least 250 people in Gaza and 13 in Israel.

Aug. 5, 2022 – Israel kills at least 10 people including a senior Islamic Jihad commander, hitting a series of military targets in Gaza. Islamic Jihad fires dozens of rockets into Israel in response. Hamas stays out of the fighting.

Palestinians gather at the scene where senior commander of Islamic Jihad terror group Khaled Mansour was killed in Israeli strikes, in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip, on Sunday. (Abed Rahim Khatib)

Aug. 6 – Israeli airstrikes continue to pound Gaza while Islamic Jihad fires hundreds more rockets. The death toll in Gaza climbs to 24, including six children, according to the Gaza health ministry. Egypt says it is in intensive talks to calm the situation.

Aug. 7 – Rockets fired from Gaza reach as far as 5 km (3 miles) west of Yerushalayim, causing no casualties but signaling their new range.

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