This Day in History – 26 Nisan/May 1

Partial excerpt from an article in Penn Central Railroad’s employee publication, PC Post(R), announcing the inaugural run of an Amtrak train between Washington and New York on “day one”, May 1, 1971. Other Amtrak routes on the Penn Central is shown to the right. Of all Amtrak’s train mileage on day one, more than 40% was on the PC. Photo shows then-U.S. Secretary of Transportation John Volpe and Amtrak President Roger Lewis greeting the press. (Joseph Shallit–Manager, Employe Publications – Penn Central Transportation Company)

In 5703/1943, 13,000 Jews of Amsterdam were deported to Sobibor and Auschwitz. The deportation lasted until 30 Av of that year.


2517, Yehoshua bin Nun

5495/1735, Harav Efraim Navon, zt”l, mechaber of Machaneh Efraim

5664/1904, Harav Moshe Betzalel Luria of Suvalk, zt”l

5698/1938, Harav Yehoshua Heschel Rabinowitz, Rebbe of Monastritch, zy”a

5766/2006, Rav Moshe Halberstam, Zt”l

Rav Moshe Halberstam was born in the town of Tshakawe, Galicia, to Harav Yaakov Halberstam, zt”l, and his wife, Aidel Dina Moskowitz, a”h, daughter of Harav Shalom Moskowitz, Shatzer Rebbe of London, zy”a. He was a great-great-great grandson of the Divrei Chaim of Sanz, zy”a.

As a youth, he studied at Yeshivas Beis Avraham Slonim under the Nesivos Shalom of Slonim. His Rebbi muvhak was Hagaon Harav Shmuel Wosner, zt”l.

Rav Moshe was a talmid chacham of note and delivered shiurim for decades in a kollel for halachah that he headed. As a member of the Eidah Hachareidis beis din he would answer she’eilos and oversee the kashrus division. He was the Rosh Yeshivah of Yeshivas Tshakawe and the Rav of Shaarei Tzedek hospital. In 5757/1997, he was appointed a member of the Badatz in Yerushalayim.

He published a collection of responsa called Divrei Moshe and wrote many approbations for various sefarim. He also founded the Vaad HaRabbonim LeInyonei Tzedaka, and was the head gabbai tzedakah of Kollel Chibas Yerushalayim Kupas Rebbe Meir Baal Haness.

Rav Moshe was niftar on 26 Nisan in Yerushalayim and was buried on Har Hazeisim.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.

May 1

In 1707, the Kingdom of Great Britain was created as a treaty merging England and Scotland took effect.

In 1931, New York’s 102-story Empire State Building was dedicated.

In 1964, the computer programming language BASIC (Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) was created by Dartmouth College professors John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz.

In 1971, the intercity passenger rail service Amtrak went into operation.

In 1982, the World’s Fair in Knoxville, Tennessee, was opened by President Ronald Reagan.