This Day In History 26 Av/August 30

In 5569/1809, a group of 70 “perushim,” talmidim of the Vilna Gaon, arrived in Eretz Yisrael. The group was led by Harav Yisrael of Shklov, zt”l.


5649/1889, Harav Noach Naftali of Kobrin, zt”l

5732/1972, Harav Shlomo Chaim Friedman of Sadigura, zt”l

5739/1979, Harav Yoel Teitelbaum, the Satmar Rebbe, zt”l

5729/1969, Harav Menachem Shlomo Borenstein of Sochatchov, zy”a

Harav Menachem Shlomo Borenstein was born in 5695/1935. He was the son of Harav Chanoch Henoch Borenstein, son of the Shem MiShmuel.

At his bris, he was named Menachem Shlomo after his paternal great-grandfather, Harav Menachem Mendel of Kotzk, and his maternal ancestor, Harav Shlomo Hakohen Rabinowitz, the Tiferes Shlomo of Radomsk.

As a young child, Menachem Shlomo was noted for his intelligence and his ability to express himself.

He learned at the Knesses Chizkiyahu Yeshivah in Zichron Yaakov in 5710/1950, showing great diligence in learning. The Rosh Yeshivah, Harav Noach Shimonowitz, arranged chavrusos for him with the yeshivah’s top bachurim, as well as with the Rosh Yeshivah himself.

Two years later, when Harav Elyah Lopian entered the yeshivah as Mashgiach, he developed a very close relationship with him.

Reb Menachem Shlomo married the daughter of Harav Daniel Movshowitz, one of the leading Rabbanim of Tel Aviv and a descendant of the Lechovitz dynasty.

Afterwards, his father, the Sochatchover Rebbe, who lived in Yerushalayim, dispatched him to Tel Aviv to oversee the Sochatchover shtiebel there. Reb Menachem Shlomo settled in Tel Aviv and learned in Kollel Beis Yehudah under Harav Yechiel Michel Feinstein, son-in-law of the Brisker Rav.

In 5720/1960, he was appointed Rav of the Sochatchover shtiebel on Rashi Street in Tel Aviv. He established times for shiurim, most of which he delivered himself, drawing large crowds from the neighborhood. He also worked to convince secular families to send their children to yeshivos.

When the Rav of Tel Aviv’s Yad Eliyahu neighborhood was suddenly niftar, a new Rav was sought. Although he was only 30 years old, Reb Menachem Shlomo was unanimously selected and became the Rav in 5725/1965. As such, Reb Menachem Shlomo supervised the renovation of old shuls, the expansion of shiurim, and the establishment of tzedakah and chessed organizations.

At the same time, Reb Menachem Shlomo led the Radomsker Kollel Kesser Torah in Bnei Brak, founded by his late uncle, Harav Dovid Moshe Rabinowitz.

With the sudden petirah of his father, Harav Chanoch Henoch, in Elul 5725/1965, Reb Menachem Shlomo was asked by the Sochatchover Chassidim to become their Rebbe. As a descendant of the Radomsker dynasty, Reb Menachem Shlomo was asked by the Radomsker Chassidim who had survived the Holocaust to become their Rebbe as well. His first move as Rebbe was to establish a yeshivah.

On 26 Av 5729/1969, as Reb Menachem Shlomo was heading home from a visit to an elderly Chassid hospitalized in Tel Aviv, an army vehicle crashed head-on into his car, throwing him from the car. Twenty-four hours later he was niftar, as a result of his injuries, at the young age of 34.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.

Aug. 30

In 1861, Union Gen. John C. Fremont instituted martial law in Missouri and declared slaves there to be free. (However, Fremont’s emancipation order was countermanded by President Abraham Lincoln.)

In 1862, Confederate forces won victories against the Union at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia, and the Battle of Richmond in Kentucky.

In 1954, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, which was intended to promote private development of nuclear energy.

In 1963, the “Hot Line” communications link between Washington and Moscow went into operation.

In 1991, Azerbaijan declared its independence, joining the stampede of republics seeking to secede from the Soviet Union.