Unemployment rates fell in 31 U.S. states in September, including in many where incumbent governors and senators face tough re-election campaigns. The report is the final data on state unemployment before the Nov. 4 elections.
Tuesday’s data may quickly find its way into late campaign ads and stump speeches. The economy is the top concern for voters in this year’s Congressional and gubernatorial races.
The Labor Department said Tuesday that unemployment rates rose in 8 states and were unchanged in 11 states. That is the smallest number of states to see an increase since April.
Employers added jobs in 39 states and cut jobs in 10. South Dakota’s job count changed little. States can gain jobs but not see their unemployment rates fall if more people start looking for work. People aren’t counted as unemployed unless they are actively searching.
Colorado and Kentucky, two states with hard-fought Senate campaigns, experienced the biggest declines in unemployment. Colorado’s rate fell to 4.7 percent from 5.1 percent, and Kentucky’s rate dropped to 6.7 percent from 7.1 percent.
Colorado Democratic Gov. John Hickenlooper is also locked in a tight race with former GOP Rep. Bob Beauprez. His campaign could benefit from Tuesday’s report, which showed that Colorado added 14,600 jobs in September, the third-highest gain among the states. Texas added 36,400 jobs, the largest increase.
And Illinois Democratic Gov. Pat Quinn, in a close re-election race with Republican Bruce Rauner, will likely tout the state’s gain last month of 19,300 jobs. That is the second-highest among the states. Illinois’s unemployment rate has fallen sharply in the past 12 months, to 6.6 percent from 9.1 percent. That’s the sharpest drop among all 50 states.
But that decline may exaggerate the health of the state’s job market: Some of the improvement likely occurred because many of those out of work gave up searching for jobs.
The declines come as hiring nationwide has been healthy. Employers added 248,000 jobs in September and the unemployment rate fell to 5.9 percent, a six-year low, from 6.1 percent. Employers have added 2.64 million jobs in the past 12 months, the largest annual gain since April 2006.
In Georgia, the unemployment rate fell to 7.9 percent from 8.1 percent last month, a potential boost for GOP Gov. Nathan Deal. Deal is in a close race with Jason Carter, grandson of former President Jimmy Carter.
Deal has questioned the accuracy of the state’s rate after it jumped sharply over the summer. It was 6.9 percent in April. Yet the state has added 83,100 jobs in the past year, boosting total jobs in the state by 2.1 percent. That’s faster than the national pace.
Florida Republican Gov. Rick Scott may also benefit from Tuesday’s figures. They show that Florida added 13,400 jobs in September and the unemployment rate fell to 6.1 percent from 6.3 percent. The state has added the seventh-largest number of jobs of any state in the past 12 months. Scott is in a dead heat against former governor Charlie Crist, a Democrat who switched from the Republican Party.
The news is more mixed for candidates in Alaska. GOP Gov. Sean Parnell is trailing independent candidate Bill Walker in most polls. Alaska added 2,900 jobs in September. As a percentage of the state’s workforce, that is the largest increase in the nation.
Still, Alaska is the only state that has actually lost jobs in the past 12 months. Alaska Democratic Senator Mark Begich is also trailing Republican challenger Dan Sullivan in recent polls.