This Day in History – 3 Cheshvan/November 1

The kever of Harav Yisrael Hager of Radowitz-America, zt”l.
(Menashe Silber)

3 Cheshvan

In 5051/1290, 16,000 English Jews were expelled from England in the final expulsion by King Edward I.


5611/1850, Harav Yisrael Friedman, the Ruzhiner Rebbe, zt”l

5621/1860, Harav Eliezer Horowitz, Rebbe of Dzikov, zt”l

5626/1865, Harav Yosef Zundel of Salant and Yerushalayim, zt”l

5627/1866, Harav Yehudah Leib, Rebbe of Kopust, zt”l

5644/1883, Harav Eliyahu Horoshovsky, zt”l, Rav of Drohobitz, mechaber of Pnei Eliyahu and Ezor Eliyahu

5700/1939, Harav Yitzchak Zelig Morgenstern, the Sokolover Rebbe, zt”l

5704/1943, Harav Shabsi Sheftel Weill, zt”l, Rav of Simani, Hungary


Harav Yisrael Hager, Rebbe of Radowitz-America, Zy”a

Harav Yisrael Hager was born on 6 Nisan 5636/1876. He was the son of Harav Moshe of Radowitz, zt”l, a descendant of the Toras Chaim of Kossov, zy”a, founder of the Kossov-Vizhnitz dynasty.

Rav Moshe was the son of Harav Yosef Alter of Radowitz, zy”a, who later settled in Eretz Yisrael and was buried in Haifa. Rav Moshe also moved to Eretz Yisrael, where he settled in Tzfas.

Following his petirah, his son Harav Yisrael succeeded him as Rebbe in Radowitz.

Rav Yisrael settled in America in 5673/1913, founding Beis Medrash Bnei Yisrael. He also opened a yeshivah named Toras Chaim in honor of his illustrious ancestor.

Besides his activities on behalf of Yiddishkeit in America, Rav Yisrael supported the beis medrash of his father in Tzfas, sending large sums of money for its upkeep. He also founded and sponsored an orphanage there.

Rav Yisrael helped publish his father’s sefer Vayikach Moshe.

Rav Yisrael was niftar on 3 Cheshvan 5703/1942. He was buried in the Beth David Cemetery in Long Island, where an ohel was built on his kever.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.

November 1

In 1765, the Stamp Act, passed by the British Parliament, went into effect, prompting stiff resistance from American colonists.

In 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, code-named “Ivy Mike,” at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

In 1973, following the “Saturday Night Massacre,” Acting Attorney General Robert H. Bork appointed Leon Jaworski to be the new Watergate special prosecutor, succeeding Archibald Cox.

In 1989, East Germany reopened its border with Czechoslovakia, prompting tens of thousands of refugees to flee to the West.

In 1991, Clarence Thomas took his place as the newest justice on the Supreme Court.