This Day in History – 28 Tammuz/July 11

The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster, colloquially known as “Big Ben,” in Westminster, London, England.

In 5213/1453, the Church burned 41 Jews at the stake in Breslau, Germany, Hy”d, and then expelled the remaining Jews.

In 5476/1716, the Jews of Brussels, Belgium, were given notice of expulsion.

In 5595/1835, Arabs rampaged against the Jews in Chevron, Hy”d.

In 5702/1942, the Nazis killed 5,000 Jews in Rovno, Ukraine, Hy”d.


5566/1806, Harav Elazar of Lizhensk, zy”a

5601/1841, Harav Moshe Teitelbaum, the Yismach Moshe, zy”a

5646/1886, Harav Shlomo Gantzfried, zt”l, mechaber of Kitzur Shulchan Aruch and other works

5664/1904, Harav Nachman Kahana, Rebbe of Spinka, zy”a, mechaber of Orchos Chaim

5746/1986, Harav Chaim Friedlander, zt”l, mashgiach of Yeshivas Ponovezh

5641/1881, Harav Yeshayahu Meshulam Zusha Twersky of Chernobyl, Zy”a

Harav Yeshayahu Meshulam Zusha Twersky was the son of Rav Aharon, Rebbe of Chernobyl, zy”a, who was the son of Rav Mordechai, the Chernobyler Maggid, zy”a.

He married the daughter of Harav Menachem Nachum Twersky of Makrov, zy”a, his uncle (his father’s brother). His zivug sheini was the daughter of Harav Pinchas Shapira, son of Harav Shmuel Abba of Slavita; his third zivug was the daughter of Harav Tzvi of Skver, grandson of the Baal Shem Tov, zechusam yagein aleinu.

Following the petirah of his father on 5 Kislev 5632/1872, Rav Yeshayahu Meshulam Zusha succeeded as Rebbe in Chernobyl.

Niftar on 28 Tammuz 5641/1881, he himself was succeeded as Rebbe by his son Harav Shlomo Bentzion, zy”a.

His daughter from his zivug sheini married Harav Yissachar Dov Rokeach of Belz, zy”a. From his third zivug, his sons-in-law were: Harav Zev Wolf Twersky of Rachmistrivka, Harav Nachum Yosef Ben Zion Twersky of Koristchov and Harav Shlomo Shmuel Twersky, son of his brother Rav Baruch Asher.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.

July 11

In 1798, the U.S. Marine Corps was formally re-established by an act of Congress.

In 1859, Big Ben, the great bell inside the famous London clock tower, chimed for the first time.

In 1972, the World Chess Championship opened as grandmasters Bobby Fischer of the United States and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union began play in Reykjavik, Iceland. (Fischer won after 21 games.)

In 1979, the abandoned U.S. space station Skylab made a spectacular return to Earth, burning up in the atmosphere and showering debris over the Indian Ocean and Australia.