In 5314/1553, under Pope Julius III, Cardinal Peter Caraffa, head of the Inquisition and the future Pope Paul IV, burned many copies of the Talmud in the center of the city of Venice.
In 5521/1760, the first siddur was printed in the United States.
5414/1653, Harav Pinchas Horowitz, zt”l, Rav of Fulda and Dayan of Prague
5531/1770, Harav Yosef Kahana, zt”l, father of the Ketzos Hachoshen
5542/1781, Harav Baruch of Kosov, zt”l, the Amud Haavodah
Harav Shlomo Alter, zt”l
Harav Shloime’le Alter was the son of Harav Avraham Mordechai Alter, son of the Chiddushei Harim. Reb Shloime’le was the youngest son, born on Pesach Sheini 5615/1865.
Zocheh to arichus yamim, he was a link to the Chassidim of old: to those who journeyed to Kotzk and Peshischa and, of course, to his grandfather, the Chiddushei Harim, where he and his brothers were brought up after the petirah of their father (27 Av 5615/1865, when Reb Shloime’le was just three months old).
Reb Shloime’le considered himself a Kotzker Chassid, although he was only four years old when the Kotzker Rebbe was niftar. He explained it was because he was sure that both his father and his grandfather wrote his name in kvitlach that they brought to the Kotzker Rebbe.
It is related in Meir Einei Hagolah that on the last day of the life of the Chiddushei Harim, he called over his grandson Reb Shloime’le and said, “You probably haven’t learned anything today. Bring a Maseches Gittin, and we will learn together.” The Chiddushei Harim’s face shone. Later that day, he called over Reb Shloime’le and warmly blessed him.
On 23 Adar 5626/1866, the Chiddushei Harim was niftar. By age 11, Reb Shloime’le had lost both his father and grandfather. He was then brought up, on the instructions of the Chiddushei Harim, by his grandmother, Rebbetzin Feige’le. In accordance with the Chiddushei Harim’s instructions, she tended to his shidduch as well.
Reb Shloime’le was married on 2 Tammuz 5630/1870, at age 15, to Esther Perel, the daughter of the famed Chassid, Rav Lipman Litmanovich, son-in-law of the Tiferes Shlomo of Radomsk.
Reb Shloime’le behaved like a simple Chassid. It is related that on the first Shavuos of the Imrei Emes’ reign, Reb Shloime’le came to Ger and stood in line waiting his turn for Shalom nemen (greeting the Rebbe).
Reb Shloime’le had 13 children, five sons and eight daughters, all of whom merited to build distinguished families. Tragically, most of his descendants were killed during the war. Hashem yinkom damam.
Reb Shloime’le was niftar on 13 Cheshvan 5695/1934. His aron was brought to Warsaw, where the levayah left from the beis medrash of the Chiddushei Harim to the Warsaw beis hakevaros. Many Chassidim participated in this levayah of the last grandchild of the Chiddushei Harim.
Reb Shloime’le was buried next to the kever of his father, Harav Avraham Mordechai.
Zechuso yagen aleinu.
In 1940, during World War II, German planes destroyed most of the English town of Coventry.
In 1954, the president of Egypt, Muhammad Naguib, was deposed by the Revolutionary Command Council, leaving Gamal Abdel Nasser fully in charge as acting head of state.
In 1969, Apollo 12 blasted off for the moon.
In 1986, the Securities and Exchange Commission imposed a $100 million penalty against inside-trader Ivan F. Boesky and barred him from working again in the securities industry.