This Day in History – 5 Tishrei/September 9

Shaar blatt of the tzavaah of Harav Naftali Katz of Lublin, zt”l.
Shaar blatt of the tzavaah of Harav Naftali Katz of Lublin, zt”l.

5 Tishrei

In 3884/123 C.E., the Tanna Rabi Akiva was arrested by the Romans. He was subsequently tortured and killed al kiddush Hashem on Yom Kippur. The story of his killing, along with the other nine Harugei Malchus, is related in the stirring piyut, Eleh Ezkerah, recited during the Yom Kippur davening.

A taanis tzaddikim was established to commemorate this event as well as the killing of 20 Jews during that time. (Shulchan Aruch 180:2)


2327/1435 B.C.E., Naftali, zt”l, the son of Yaakov Avinu. He was born on this date, in 2196/1566 B.C.E.

5592/1831, Harav Eliezer Brish, zt”l, Rav of Kutna

5668/1907, Harav Mordechai Schneerson, zt”l, of Vitebsk

5752/1991, Harav Baruch Shalom Ashlag, zt”l, mechaber of Birkas Shalom



Harav Naftali Katz of Lublin, zt”l

Harav Naftali Hakohen Katz was born in Prague, the son of Harav Yitzchak Hakohen, son-in-law of the Maharal of Prague, zt”l, and descendant of Maharam Padwa.

His grandson and namesake, the Semichas Chachamim, records that Reb Naftali was one of the most respected Rabbanim of his time, who exchanged halachic correspondence with the Taz and other Gedolim.

Reb Naftali was a maggid in Prague, and then a Dayan in Prostitz, Nicholsburg, and Pinsk. His final position was in Lublin, where he was Dayan and Rav.

At the same time, the famous Rav Heschel of Cracow headed the yeshivah in Lublin.

His sons were Harav Yitzchak, maggid in Prague and Lublin, and Harav Chaim, who succeeded to his position.

Reb Naftali was niftar on 5 Tishrei 5406/1645, and is buried in Lublin.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


September 9

In 1513, English forces defeated Scottish invaders in the Battle of Flodden Field; more than 15,000 men were believed killed, including the King of Scots, James IV.

In 1543, Mary Stuart was crowned Queen of Scots at Stirling Castle, nine months after she was born.

In 1776, the second Continental Congress made the term “United States” official, replacing “United Colonies.”

In 1850, California became the 31st state of the union.

In 1919, some 1,100 members of Boston’s 1,500-man police force went on strike. (The strike was broken by Massachusetts Gov. Calvin Coolidge with replacement officers.)

In 1943, Allied forces landed at Salerno and Taranto during World War II.

In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the first civil rights bill to pass Congress since Reconstruction.

In 1971, prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, N.Y., beginning a siege that ended up claiming 43 lives.

In 1976, Communist Chinese leader Mao Zedong died in Beijing at age 82.

In 1986, Frank Reed, director of a private school in Lebanon, was taken hostage; he was released 44 months later.

In 1997, Sinn Fein, the IRA’s political ally, formally renounced violence as it took its place in talks on Northern Ireland’s future.