This Day in History – 22 Teves – January 4

Shaar blatt of sefer Pesach Habayis.
Shaar blatt of sefer Pesach Habayis.

22 Teves

In 5383/1623, Prague Jews celebrate Purim Forhangen — “Purim of the Curtains,” in commemoration of the miraculous salvation of the Jewish ghetto after the head of the community was charged with stealing the governor’s priceless curtains.

In 5558/1798, anti-Jewish riots erupted in Ancona, Italy, a day after a “local” Purim which had been celebrated annually since 5451/1691. Roman mobs attempted to set fire to the ghetto and to sack it.

Yahrtzeiten

5450/1689, Harav Hillel Hertz, zt”l, mechaber of Beis Hillel

5587/1827, Harav Yosef Stern of Zolkov, zt”l, mechaber of Yad Yosef

5587/1827, Harav Shlomo of Sterelisk, zt”l

5644/1884, Harav Shmuel Heller, zt”l, Rav of Tzfas

5674/1914, Harav Avraham Eiger, zt”l, the Shevet M’Yehudah of Lublin

5718/1958, Harav Shalom Moskowitz, zt”l, the Shotzer Rebbe


 

5581/1821

Harav Avraham Tiktin, zt”l, Rav of Breslau and mechaber of Pesach Habayis

Harav Avraham Tiktin was the son of Harav Gedaliah. He was born in Schwersenz.

His father was niftar when Avraham was seven years old. He was brought up by his brother-in-law Harav Mordechai, who was Rav in Gridtz.

In 5570/1810, Reb Avraham was appointed Rav in Galona, and later, in 5574/1814, he was appointed Rav of Breslau and its environs.

Reb Avraham was known as an outstanding gaon in Torah, and also for his tzidkus.

Together with Harav Shlomo Zalman, his son and successor as Rav, he waged a vicious but successful war against those groups who wished to uproot Yiddishkeit in those years in Germany.

Reb Avraham authored over 20 works, on all facets of Torah: Gemara, Halachah, Aggadah, Rambam and much more. Sadly, only his sefarim on Choshen Mishpat, Pesach Habayis, Ginas Bisan and Pinos Habayis, were published.

Reb Avraham was also known as a hidden mekubal.

He was niftar on 22 Teves 5581 and was succeeded as Rav of Breslau by his son Harav Shlomo Zalman.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


 

The original Nixon White House tape and original tape recorder are shown in an undated handout photo. In 1998, decades after the fighting over his tapes The National Archives, under a court order it had fought for years, began cutting up the original tapes from the Watergate years and returned portions dealing with private matters to the late president's estate. (AP Photo/National Archives)
The original Nixon White House tape and original tape recorder are shown in an undated handout photo. In 1998, decades after the fighting over his tapes The National Archives, under a court order it had fought for years, began cutting up the original tapes from the Watergate years and returned portions dealing with private matters to the late president’s estate. (AP Photo/National Archives)

Jan. 4

In 1896, Utah was admitted as the 45th state.

In 1904, the Supreme Court, in Gonzalez v. Williams, ruled that Puerto Ricans were not aliens and could enter the United States freely; however, the court stopped short of declaring them U.S. citizens.

In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in his State of the Union address, called for legislation to provide assistance for the jobless, elderly, impoverished children and the handicapped.

In 1951, during the Korean War, North Korean and Communist Chinese forces recaptured the city of Seoul.

In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered his State of the Union address in which he outlined the goals of his “Great Society,” a series of domestic policy initiatives aimed at growing the economy and improving the quality of life for all.

In 1974, President Richard M. Nixon refused to hand over tape recordings and documents subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.

In 1998, a massive ice storm hit eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, continuing through January 10 and causing widespread destruction.