This Day in History – 2 Av/July 9

Shaar blatt of Bigdei Aharon.
Shaar blatt of Bigdei Aharon.

2 Av

In 3830/70 C.E., Titus attacked the walls of the second Beis Hamikdash with battering rams.

In 5027/1267, Pope Clement IV established the abhorrent Inquisition in Rome.

In 5702/1942, French police rounded up over 30,000 Jews, including 4,500 children, for deportation to Auschwitz. Only 30 adults survived.

The first deportation of Jews from Holland occurred.

Yahrtzeiten

5757/1997, Harav Moshe Stern, the Debrecziner Rav, author of Be’er Moshe


 

Shaar blatt of Mateh Aharon.
Shaar blatt of Mateh Aharon.

5450/1690

Harav Aharon Teumim of Cracow, zt”l, Hy”d

Harav Aharon Teumim of Cracow was born in 5390/1630. His father, Harav Moshe Teumim, was Rav in Mehrin. His paternal grandfather was Harav Shimon Teumim Lemil, from the Gedolim of Vienna.

Reb Aharon married the sister of Harav Eliezer Halevi Ettinger, zt”l, of Holleschau, Austria.

From 5419/1659 through 5432/1672, Reb Aharon held the position of darshan and maggid shiur in Prague. Later, he was appointed Rav and Rosh Yeshivah in Worms, Germany. In all his capacities, he was known as a tremendous talmid chacham, with a phenomenal memory.

After the petirah of Harav Mordechai Deiches, zt”l, Rav of Cracow, Reb Aharon was chosen to succeed him. He was to have moved there already in 5447/1687, but because of political circumstances, he delayed his departure from Worms by a few years, until 5450/1690. Shortly after Reb Aharon left Worms, the city was destroyed by the troops of King Louis XIV of France.

Reb Aharon served as Rav in Cracow for barely four months, before a Polish nobleman had him arrested. He was killed on Shabbos Parashas Mattos-Masei, 2 Av 5450/1690, in Chmelnik. He was buried in Pintchov, where the local Rav was his brother-in- law, the husband of his sister, Harav Yehudah Leib Tzintz of Helishoi.

Reb Aharon wrote two sefarim, Mateh Aharon on the Hagadah shel Pesach, and Bigdei Aharon on the Torah.

Hashem yinkom damo.


 

Monte Bello, in Orange County Virginia, the house where Zachary Taylor, the 12th President of the United Stayes of America was born. circa 1900. (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Monte Bello, in Orange County Virginia, the house where Zachary Taylor, the 12th President of the United Stayes of America was born. circa 1900. (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

July 9

In 1776, the Declaration of Independence was read aloud to Gen. George Washington’s troops in New York.

In 1816, Argentina declared independence from Spain.

In 1850, the 12th president of the United States, Zachary Taylor, died after serving only 16 months of his term. (He was succeeded by Millard Fillmore.)

In 1918, the Distinguished Service Cross was established by an Act of Congress.

In 1938, Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo died in Port Chester, N.Y., at age 68.

In 1943, during World War II, the Allies launched Operation Husky, their invasion of Sicily, with nighttime landings of American and British troops; a full-scale incursion by sea began in the early hours of July 10. (More than a month later, the Allies secured the island from the Axis.)

In 1974, former U.S. Chief Justice Earl Warren died in Washington, D.C., at age 83.

In 1992, Democrat Bill Clinton tapped Tennessee Sen. Al Gore to be his running mate.