This Day in History – January 25/12 Shevat

12 Shvat

In 5701/1941, Nazis provoked the first anti-Jewish riots in Amsterdam, but the Jews successfully fought off their attackers.

In 5703/1943, Jews in the Warsaw ghetto put up their first resistance to the Nazi effort to liquidate them. The Nazis retreated, only to return three months later when the Warsaw uprising started.


Yahrtzeiten

5391/1631, Harav Chaim Kapusi, zt”l, Rav of Egypt, mechaber of Be’or Hachaim.

5395/1635, Harav Tzvi Hersch Shor, zt”l, mechaber of Toras Chaim

5499/1739, Harav Baruch Kapilish of Lublin, zt”l

5702/1942, Harav Zev Dov Zamoshitz, zt”l, mechaber of Minchas Zikaron


5686/1926

Harav Meir Atlas, zt”l, Rav of Shavel, Lithuania

Harav Meir Atlas, one of the founders of the famed Telshe Yeshivah, was born in 5608/1848 in Baisagola, Lithuania.

In 5635/1875 Rav Meir, together with Harav Shlomo Zalman Abel, zt”l, and Harav Tzvi Yaakov Oppenheim, zt”l, and with the assistance of a German Jew, Reb Ovadiah Lachman, founded the yeshivah in Telshe, Lithuania. The three were avreichim at the time.

Rav Shlomo Zalman Abel, a Telshe native, wrote Beis Shlomo on Choshen Mishpat; he was niftar at a young age. Rav Tzvi Yaakov Oppenheim later became Rav in Kelm. Rav Meir himself went on to become Rav in Libau, Latvia; Salant, Lithuania; and Kobryn, Belarus. Most famously, in 5664/1904, he was appointed Rav of the community of Shavel, Lithuania.

One of the foremost Lithuanian Rabbanim of his time, he was an outstanding halachic authority who authored many teshuvos.

Rav Meir was the father-in-law of two of the Gedolei Hador, Harav Elchanan Wasserman, Hy”d, Rosh Yeshivah of Baranovitch Yeshivah, and (in his zivug sheini) Harav Chaim Ozer Grodzinski, zt”l, Rav of Vilna and author of She’eilos U’teshuvos Achiezer.

Another son-in-law was Harav Yudel Kahana-Shapira, the son of Harav Zalman Sender Kahana- Shapira, zt”l.

Towards the end of his life, Harav Shmuel Salant, zt”l, Rav of Yerushalayim, began searching for his own replacement; he corresponded with Gedolim in Europe about this, among them Rav Meir Atlas.

In a letter from Rav Chaim Ozer (before he became the son-in-law of Rav Meir Atlas) to Rav Shmuel Salant, he writes that as Rav Shmuel asked him to help find a successor, he had offered the post of Rav of Yerushalayim to Rav Meir, who seemed willing to accept it.

Rav Meir actually received a ksav Rabbanus from Yerushalayim, but for unknown reasons he never left Europe for the Holy Land.

Rav Meir was niftar in Shavel on 12 Shevat 5686/1926, at the age of 78.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


Jan. 25

In 1533, England’s King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife, Anne Boleyn, the mother of Elizabeth I.

In 1915, America’s first official transcontinental telephone call took place as Alexander Graham Bell, who was in New York, spoke to his former assistant, Thomas Watson, who was in San Francisco, over a line set up by American Telephone & Telegraph.

In 1924, the first Winter Olympic Games opened in Chamonix, France.

In 1945, the World War II Battle of the Bulge ended as German forces were pushed back to their original positions.

In 2004, NASA’s Opportunity rover zipped its first pictures of Mars to Earth, showing a surface smooth and dark red in some places, and strewn with fragmented slabs of light bedrock in others.