This Day In History 3 Nisan/March 19

A signed copy of the Edict of Expulsion

3 Nisan

In 2449, The Nasi of the tribe of Zevulun, Eliav ben Cheilon, brought his korban.

Moshe Rabbeinu sprinkled the freshly produced Mei Chattas, (from the ashes of the Parah Adumah), on the members of Shevet Levi.

In 5252/1492, the decree expelling Jews from Spain and Sicily was issued, after King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella signed it.

In 5704/1944, the Nazis raided the Kovno ghetto and removed all the children for execution.


5532/1772, Harav Efrayim Ashkenazi, zt”l

5582/1822, Harav Binyamin Zev, Rebbe of Zhbariz, zt”l

5730/1970, Harav Yosef Yonah Zvi Halevi Horowitz, zt”l, the Unsdorf-Frankfurter Rav.


Harav Eliezer Yerucham Baron of Radoshitz-Cracow, Zy”a

Harav Eliezer Yerucham Baron was the son of Harav Yisrael Yitzchak, zy”a, who was the son of Harav Yissachar Ber, the Saba Kadisha of Radoshitz, zy”a.

Rav Eliezer Yerucham was the son-in-law of Harav Chaim Halberstam of Sanz, the Divrei Chaim, zy”a, having married his daughter, Rebbetzin Yuta.

Known as a Gadol baTorah, Rav Eliezer Yerucham was well respected in Sanz. The Divrei Chaim cherished Rav Eliezer Yerucham, and appointed him to be in charge of the many letters and monies that were sent to the Rebbe’s court.

Rav Eliezer Yerucham published the sefer Duda’im Basadeh, written by his maternal great-grandfather, Harav Reuven Horowitz of Zarnovtza, zy”a.

After the petirah of his first wife, Rav Eliezer Yerucham married the daughter of Harav Yissaschar Schiff of Brigel, grandson of Harav Nosson, the brother of the Rebbe Reb Elimelech of Lizhensk. Rav Eliezer Yerucham remained in Sanz, even after remarrying.

After the petirah of the Divrei Chaim, in 5636/1876, Rav Eliezer Yerucham left Sanz, and after the passing of his zivug sheini, he married again, to the daughter of Harav Nisan, zt”l, a Dayan in Shinave.

Rav Eliezer Yerucham later settled in Cracow, where he was named Rebbe.

Rav Eliezer Yerucham was niftar on 3 Nisan 5645/March 19, 1885.

His sons were Harav Mendel of Yaslow and Harav Yonah of Yaslow. His sons-in-law were Harav Mordechai Yaakov Horowitz, Rav of Oleinov; Harav Pesach Dovid Miller of Bukovsk; and Harav Elazar Meir Kleinman of Teshin.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.

The toppling of the Saddam Hussein statue in Firdos Square.

March 19

In 1628, the Massachusetts colony was founded by Englishmen.

In 1918, Congress passed the first law establishing daylight saving time in the United States, with clocks to be moved forward one hour from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October. (This law was repealed in August 1919.)

In 1920, the Senate rejected, for a second time, the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of 49 in favor, 35 against, falling short of the two-thirds majority needed for approval.

In 2003, President George W. Bush ordered the start of war against Iraq. (Because of the time difference, it was early March 20 in Iraq.)

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