This Day In History 3 Adar/March 1

In 3413/348 B.C.E., the joyous dedication of the second Beis Hamikdash was celebrated on this date, after four years of work.


5372/1612, Harav Mordechai Yaffa, zt”l, the Baal HaLevushim

5611/1851, Harav Binyamin Zev Lev, zt”l, Rav of Verboi and mechaber of Shaarei Tefillah

5665/1905, Harav Eliyahu Dovid Rabinowitz-Te’omim, the Aderes, zt”l

Harav Eliyahu Dovid was the son of Harav Binyamin and Channah Rabinowitz. His twin brother, Tzvi Yehudah, was also an outstanding talmid chacham.

He came to be known as the “Aderes,” which is the acronym formed by the initials of his name, while “Te’omim” denotes the fact that he was a te’om, or twin.

In his youth, Eliyahu Dovid learned primarily with his father. As a mere boy of 12 he began to write chiddushim, which he jotted down in a small notebook. These he later called Nishmas Shabbos.

By the age of 13 he began to write sefarim. In his humility, he never showed those writings to anyone, and on the shaar blatt of each work he wrote, “If you have learned much Torah, don’t think highly of yourself.”

After his marriage, Reb Eliyahu Dovid moved to his wife’s birthplace, Ponevez, where he delivered Gemara shiurim. When he was 29, he was invited to serve as the Rav of Ponevez, a position he held for 18 years.

In 5650/1890 he was asked to serve as Rav of the city of Mir. Rav Eliyahu Dovid accepted the offer because he felt that in Mir he would be able to devote more time to his Torah studies than he could in Ponevez.

After serving in Mir for eight years, he was asked to serve as Rav alongside Harav Shmuel Salant, zt”l, the revered Rav of Yerushalayim. Reb Shmuel had turned 80 and was searching for an assistant who would work with him and eventually succeed him.

Harav Chaim Ozer Grodzensky, zt”l, persuaded Rav Eliyahu to accept the position. Rav Eliyahu Dovid arrived in Yaffo on Friday morning, 26 Adar 5660/1900. He was greeted at the port by a large contingent of Yerushalayim’s most eminent residents, among them Dayanim, Roshei Yeshivah and Roshei Kollel.

Immediately after his arrival in Yerushalayim, Reb Eliyahu Dovid summoned the city’s finest yeshivah students to a meeting in his home, and asked them to help him take various measures to improve the city’s spiritual welfare. The Rav of Brisk, Harav Yehoshua Leib Diskin, zt”l, enthusiastically joined in this call.

Reb Eliyahu Dovid then appointed Harav Ben-Tzion Yadler, zt”l, to supervise the eruv and oversee the weights and measures used by merchants in the city.

Reb Eliyahu Dovid served as the Rav of Yerushalayim for only four years; on 3 Adar 5665/1905, his productive life was cut short.

Among the 100 writings that Reb Eliyahu Dovid left behind are Zecher L’Mikdash on the mitzvah of hakhel; Teshuvah M’Yirah; and chiddushim on the Rambam. He also wrote an inspiring autobiography called Seder Eliyahu.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.

March 1

In 1565, the city of Rio de Janeiro was founded by Portuguese knight Estácio de Sá.

In 1781, in America, the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation.

In 1815, Napoleon, having escaped exile in Elba, arrived in Cannes, France, and headed for Paris to begin his “Hundred Days” rule.

In 1867, Nebraska became the 37th state as President Andrew Johnson signed a proclamation.

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed an executive order establishing the Peace Corps.

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