This Day in History – 14 Iyar/May 14

A Freedom Rider bus went up in flames in May 1961 when a fire bomb was tossed through a window near Anniston, Ala. The bus, which was testing bus station segregation in the south, had stopped because of a flat tire. Passengers escaped without serious injury. (AP Photo)
A Freedom Rider bus went up in flames in May 1961 when a fire bomb was tossed through a window near Anniston, Ala. The bus, which was testing bus station segregation in the south, had stopped because of a flat tire. Passengers escaped without serious injury. (AP Photo)

14 Iyar, Pesach Sheini

In 5365/1605, the Jewish community of Bisenz, Austria, was massacred. Hy”d.

In 5693/1933, thousands of sefarim were publicly burned by the Nazis.

In 5720/1960, Adolf Eichmann, who was in charge of the transportation of all Jews to the extermination camps, was captured in Buenos Aires. The nadir of his notorious career was reached in Hungary in 1944, when he transported 400,000 Jews to the gas chambers in less than five weeks. Eichmann was tried in Israel, found guilty of crimes against humanity and hanged in 5722/1962.


 

Yahrtzeiten

3881/121 C.E., the Tanna Rabi Meir Baal Haness, zt”l. He is buried in Teveria. Sephardim have a minhag of commemorating his hilulah on this date at his kever in Teveria, but the mesorah of this yahrtzeit is unclear. For further information, check Mekomos Hakedoshim by Harav Yechiel Mechel Stern, Yerushalayim, 5764.

5580/1820, Harav Shmuel of Karov, zt”l

5667/1907, Harav Yehudah Tzvi of Stretin, zt”l

5672/1912, Harav Eliyahu Chaim Meisels, zt”l, Rav of Lodz


 

5586/1826

Harav Yehudah Leib of Zaklikov, zt”l, mechaber of Likutei Maharil

Harav Yehudah Leib of Zaklikov was initially opposed to the ways of Chassidus. The Rebbe Reb Elimelech of Lizhensk traveled to Zavichwast, the hometown of Reb Yehudah Leib, to persuade him to change his mind. Reb Yehudah Leib came to Lizhensk, but he wasn’t convinced until he heard the tefillah of the Rebbe Reb Elimelech. In this, he said, he saw more than Chassidim did.

With time, Reb Yehudah Leib became a devoted Chassid of the Rebbe Reb Elimelech.

After the petirah of the Rebbe Reb Elimelech, the majority of the Chassidim went to the Chozeh of Lublin. At first Reb Yehudah Leib was not among them. Only after seeing the large crowd that traveled to Lublin did he decide to do the same. The Chozeh accepted him as a Chassid, and Reb Yehudah Leib was one of the foremost Chassidim in Lublin.

His divrei Torah were published under the name Likutei Maharil. Many of the divrei Torah in his sefer are similar to those in Ohev Yisrael and Toras Emes, which led some to say that these were actually copied from the manuscripts of those sefarim, and are in fact not the original divrei Torah of Reb Yehudah Leib.

Reb Yehudah Leib’s son, Harav Shmuel Shmelke, was also a Chassid of the Chozeh. He was niftar in his youth.

Reb Yehudah Leib was niftar on 14 Iyar, Pesach Sheini, 5586/1826.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


 

May 14

In 1643, Louis XIV became King of France at age four upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.

In 1796, English physician Edward Jenner inoculated 8-year-old James Phipps against smallpox by using cowpox matter.

In 1804, the Lewis and Clark expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory as well as the Pacific Northwest left camp near present-day Hartford, Illinois.

In 1863, Union forces defeated the Confederates in the Battle of Jackson, Mississippi.

In 1961, Freedom Riders were attacked by violent mobs in Anniston and Birmingham, Alabama.

In 1964, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev joined United Arab Republic President Gamel Abdel Nasser in setting off charges, diverting the Nile River from the site of the Aswan High Dam project.

In 1973, the United States launched Skylab 1, its first manned space station. (Skylab 1 remained in orbit for six years before burning up during re-entry in 1979.)

In 1994, the town of Yericho saw its first full day of Palestinian self-rule following the withdrawal of Israeli troops, an event celebrated by Palestinians.