This Day In History 13 Cheshvan/November 2

Sefer Daas Shraga

In 4971/1210, English Jews were imprisoned by King John.

In 5314/1553, under Pope Julius III, Cardinal Peter Caraffa, head of the Inquisition and the future Pope Paul IV, burned many copies of the Talmud in the center of the city Venice.

In 5521/1760, the first siddur was printed in the United States.

In 5700/1939, Nazis prohibit shechitah in Poland on “humanitarian” grounds.


Yahrtzeiten

5414/1653, Harav Pinchas Horowitz, zt”l, Rav of Fulda and dayan of Prague

5531/1770, Harav Yosef Kahana, zt”l, father of the Ketzos Hachoshen

5542/1781, Harav Baruch of Kosov, zt”l, the Amud Haavodah

5695/1934, Harav Shloime Alter, zt”l


5754/1993, Harav Tzvi Shraga Grossbard, Zt”l,

Harav Tzvi Shraga Grossbard was born in Visan, Lithuania. His father, Rav Aharon Zev, was a talmid of the Chofetz Chaim.

When Tzvi Shraga was still young, his father was brutally beaten to death by Lithuanian thugs because he refused to inform on a fellow Jew.

At the age of nine Tzvi Shraga joined Yeshiva Sha’arei Torah in Grodna. At the young age of 14, Rav Tzvi Shraga entered Grodna’s yeshivah gedolah and formed a close bond with the Rosh Yeshivah, Harav Shimon Shkop, zt”l. He later became one of Harav Baruch Ber Leibowitz’s select students in Yeshivas Kaminetz.

At the beginning of World War II he studied for a year and a half under Harav Daniel Movshovitz, Hy”d, in Kelm.

In 1941, Rav Tzvi Shraga left Europe for Eretz Yisrael. There, he joined the Lomza yeshivah in Petach Tikvah, headed by his uncle, Harav Abba Grossbard. Rav Tzvi Shraga also became the head of Tel Aviv’s beis hamussar and developed a strong friendship with mussar giant Harav Eliyahu Dessler, zt”l, who was then Mashgiach of the Ponevez Yeshivah. The two men studied b’chavrusa each week in Rav Tzvi Shraga’s home. In 1967 Rav Tzvi Shraga Grossbard became the director of Chinuch Atzmai and remained at its helm for 25 years.

Rav Tzvi Shraga was niftar on 13 Cheshvan and buried in Petach Tikvah.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


The Balfour Declaration

Nov. 2

In 1783, Gen. George Washington gave his “Farewell Address to the Army” near Princeton, N.J.

In 1889, North Dakota and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th states, with the signing of proclamations by President Benjamin Harrison.

In 1917, British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour issued a declaration expressing support for a “national home” for the Jews in Palestine.

In 2000, American astronaut Bill Shepherd and two Russian cosmonauts, Yuri Gidzenko and Sergei Krikalev, became the first residents of the international space station.