U.S. stocks slumped with markets around the world Thursday as the hours tick toward a midnight deadline in the next front on the U.S.-China trade war.
Tensions between the world’s two largest economies are dragging down stocks from Mumbai to Milan as a deadline of 12:01 a.m. Eastern time Friday approaches, when the United States said it would impose more tariffs on Chinese goods. The worries about trade have halted what has been the hottest start to a year for U.S. stocks in decades, and the S&P 500 index is on pace for its worst week of 2019.
The S&P 500 fell 0.5%, as of 12:36 p.m. Eastern time, and was on pace for its fourth straight loss. It has essentially given back all of the gains made in April, though it’s still up about 14% for the year.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 189 points, or 0.7%, to 25,781, and the Nasdaq composite fell 0.5%.
In overseas markets on Thursday, South Korea’s Kospi index skidded 3%, while the Hang Seng in Hong Kong lost 2.4% and Japan’s Nikkei 225 fell 0.9%. In Europe, the French CAC 40 lost 1.9%, Germany’s Dax dropped 1.7% and the FTSE 100 in London fell 0.9%.
The U.S. government has filed plans to raise tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese imports from 10% to 25%. The Trump administration has also threatened to extend 25% tariffs to another $325 billion in Chinese imports, covering everything China ships to the United States.
If the increases take effect as planned, Beijing will impose “necessary countermeasures,” the Commerce Ministry said. It gave no details but a ministry spokesman said Beijing has made “all necessary preparations,” suggesting it might be bracing for worsening conflict.
Such moves would mark a sharp escalation in the trade dispute that has raised prices on goods for consumers and companies.
Negotiations are scheduled to continue in Washington on Thursday and to include China’s top trade official, raising some hopes in the markets that there will be a last-minute deal to prevent another round of tariffs.
In the meantime, selling was widespread for stocks, and more than 90% of the stocks in the S&P 500 were lower.
All 11 sectors that make up the S&P 500 were down, with technology companies taking some of the sharpest losses. Many companies in the sector get much of their revenue from China. Tech stocks in the S&P 500 fell 0.8%.
Raw material producers and financial stocks also sank sharply.
Occidental Petroleum tumbled 6.2% after Chevron pulled out of a potential bidding war with the company to buy Anadarko. Energy companies also fell with the price of oil, as benchmark U.S. dropped 1.4% to $61.27 per barrel. Brent crude, the international standard, fell 1% to $69.68 per barrel.
CenturyLink dropped to the sharpest loss in the S&P 500, down 9.8%, after the communications provider reported slightly weaker revenue for the latest quarter than analysts expected.
The trade war between Washington and Beijing is nothing new. The U.S. and China have already raised tariffs on tens of billions of dollars of each other’s goods in their dispute over U.S. complaints about Beijing’s industrial and technology policies and a perennial U.S. deficit in trade with China.
But earlier this year, investors were growing increasingly confident that the two sides would eventually find a deal on trade. That helped to calm markets following a tumultuous end to 2018, and the S&P 500 rallied back to a record despite the trade dispute.
A more patient Federal Reserve, which said it may not raise interest rates at all this year, also helped to clear worries about a possible recession, and the S&P 500 vaulted 17.5% higher in the first four months of the year.
But the calm shattered earlier this week after the United States set the Friday deadline for adding more tariffs.
“We need to be prepared for continuing uncertainty in the trade war,” said Kristina Hooper, chief global market strategist at Invesco.
Investors prematurely priced a resolution into the markets, she said, and now it’s likely the additional tariffs will be applied. She said investors still want to believe that a positive resolution is possible and any progress in the negotiations now could “create something of a rally or certainly help stabilize stocks.”