The United States said Friday it has secured the support of the U.N. Security Council for a new package of sanctions designations that target smuggling at sea by North Korea.
Ambassador Nikki Haley said the North Korea Sanctions Committee, which comprises all members of the U.N.’s most-senior decision-making body, unanimously approved designations of 21 shipping companies, one individual and 27 ships. She said it was the largest-ever set of U.N. designations against the North.
“The approval of this historic sanctions package is a clear sign that the international community is united in our efforts to keep up maximum pressure on the North Korean regime,” Haley said in a statement.
It comes despite an easing of tensions, as North Korea has halted tests associated with its nuclear and missile programs for four months and embarked on a diplomatic offensive. Making his first foreign trip since taking power six years ago, leader Kim Jong Un met earlier in the week with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Beijing and is due to meet this spring with the U.S. and South Korean presidents.
In tweets Wednesday, President Donald Trump said he looked forward to meeting Kim and felt there was “a good chance” the North Korean leader would “do what is right for his people and for humanity.” But meanwhile, “unfortunately, maximum sanctions and pressure must be maintained at all cost!” Trump added.
The new sanctions package aims at countering maritime smuggling by North Korea to obtain oil and sell coal, evading restrictions that have previously been imposed by the Security Council to deprive the North of revenue and resources for its nuclear- and ballistic-missile programs.
A designation by the U.N. requires, for example, member states to deny port entry to ships on the sanctions list, or deny entry to individuals on the list.
The new designees were mostly based in North Korea, but included shipping companies based in Hong Kong, elsewhere in China, the Marshall Islands, Panama, Samoa and Singapore.
Most of the companies and ships featured in a U.S. Treasury Department sanctions package in late February that barred U.S. persons from dealings with more than 50 vessels, shipping companies and trade businesses. The U.N. also sanctioned Friday a Taiwanese person that had been designated by Washington on that occasion.
China, which is a permanent member of the Security Council and North Korea’s traditional ally, would have had to sign off on the new sanctions.
The Chinese and North Korean diplomatic mission did not respond to calls and emails seeking comment Friday.
The British mission said the U.N.’s adoption of the designations, which it also described as the largest ever, demonstrated “our resolve to maintain maximum pressure on the North Korean regime to ensure talks lead to the full and irreversible denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.”