In 5704/1944, Harav Aharon of Belz, zy”a, and his brother, Harav Mordechai of Bilgorei, zy”a, were saved from the Holocaust. On this day they arrived in Beirut, where many Chassidim anxiously awaited them.
5134/1374, Rabbeinu Nissim, zt”l, the Ran
5609/1849, Harav Yaakov Heilbrun, zt”l, Rav of Zenta
5728/1968, Harav Eliezer Silver, zt”l
5761/2001, Harav Dovid of Skver – Boro Park, zt”l
5625/1865, Harav Yehosef Schwartz, zt”l, Mechaber of Tevuos Haaretz And Divrei Yosef
Harav Yehosef Schwartz was born on 17 Cheshvan 5565/1804 in Plaus, in the Bayern region in Germany. His father, Harav Menachem, was a talmid of Harav Nosson Adler.
While still a boy, Rav Yehosef was renowned for his sharp mind. At the age of 14 he went off to the yeshivah in Kalberg. He learned there for three years, until the age of 17. Then he moved on to the yeshivah of his older brother Rav Chaim in Wurzberg. Rav Yehosef remained in that yeshivah for five years.
Rav Yehosef wanted to fulfill his life’s dream to settle in Eretz Yisrael. At 22, in 5587/1827, he began to prepare himself with teshuvah for his forthcoming trip. He studied Toras Eretz Yisrael, and in 5589/1829 he published a map of Eretz Yisrael in Lashon Hakodesh and in German.
En route to Eretz Yisrael, Rav Yehosef traveled through Hungary, where illness delayed him for a year. He also spent a long time in Italy, due to war in the region. It was only in the winter of 5593/1833 that he was able to continue his journey.
On 13 Nissan he finally reached the shores of Eretz Yisrael, disembarking in Yaffo. Since there were no organized Jewish communities in Eretz Yisrael at that time, he couldn’t find any way to get to Yerushalayim before Yom Tov, and was forced to remain in Yaffo for the first day of Pesach.
Rav Yehosef writes in his Tevuos Haaretz that he already kept only one day of Yom Tov at that time, so firm was his decision to remain in Eretz Yisrael.
During Chol Hamoed, Rav Yehosef found a way to travel to Yerushalayim.
In Eretz Yisrael, Rav Yehosef dedicated himself totally to Torah. His family deemed it an honor to support him.
He studied and later wrote a sefer about astronomy. He also studied and wrote about the history of Eretz Yisrael. Rav Yehosef felt that by learning the history of Eretz Yisrael, those in chutz laAretz would feel closer to it.
His sefer Divrei Yosef contains two parts, Tevuos Haaretz and Tevuos Hashemesh. Later he wrote Pri Tevuah and Pardes as a continuation to the earlier sefarim.
Rav Yehosef was niftar on 9 Shevat 5625/1865 at the age of 61.
Yehi zichro baruch.
In 1915, Germany carried out its first air raid on Britain during World War I as a pair of Zeppelins dropped bombs onto Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn in England.
In 1960, the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between Japan and the United States of America was signed by both countries in Washington, D.C.
In 1981, the United States and Iran signed an accord paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months.
In 1992, German government and Jewish officials dedicated a Holocaust memorial at the villa on the outskirts of Berlin where the notorious Wannsee Conference had taken place.