This Day in History – 8 Tishrei/September 21

In 2937/825 B.C.E., the dedication festivities celebrating the completion of the Beis Hamikdash, built by Shlomo Hamelech, commenced. The festivities continued for seven days, including Yom Kippur.



5593/1832, Harav Noach Yaffa of Lechovitz, zt”l

5616/1855, Harav Elazar Nissan Teitelbaum of Drohbitz, zt”l

5693/1932, Harav Avraham Yehoshua Heschel of Biala, zt”l


5700/1939, Harav Shlomo Bentzion Twersky of Chernobyl, zt”l

Harav Shlomo Bentzion Twersky was born in 5630/1870. His father was Harav Yeshayahu Meshulam Zusha Twersky, son of Harav Aharon of Chernobyl.

Harav Yeshayahu Meshulam Zusha was niftar on 28 Tammuz 5641/1881, leaving his 11-year-old son an orphan.

When he became bar mitzvah, Reb Shlomo Bentzion was appointed Rebbe in his father’s place. He was also appointed Nasi of the Eretz Yisrael tzedakah in Ukraine. Being appointed Rebbe at such a young age caused him to be called “Yanuka” (like the other Rebbes, the Yanuka of Karlin and the Yanuka of Tolna).

Reb Shlomo Bentzion married Rebbetzin Shifrah, the daughter of Rav Zalman Chodorov of Berditchev.

In 5680/1920, after a pogrom in his city, Reb Shlomo Bentzion moved to Brahin and from there to Kiev.

At the invitation of his Chassidim he moved to America, but life there did not match his high standards, and he returned to Europe. In letters to Chassidim in Eretz Yisrael, Reb Shlomo Bentzion writes of his longings to live in the Holy Land, but he never managed to fulfill this desire.

Reb Shlomo Bentzion was niftar on 8 Tishrei 5700/1939 in Kiev, at age 69.

His sons were Reb Yeshayahu Meshulam Zusha, who was niftar in his father’s lifetime, and Reb Aharon, son-in-law of Rav Gedalyah Moshe of Zhvil.

His sons-in-law were Reb Yehoshua Elazar Chodorov; Reb Zev of Kobel; and Reb Yochanan, the son of Reb Avraham Dov of Rachmastrivka.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.


September 21

In 1792, the French National Convention voted to abolish the monarchy.

In 1893, one of America’s first “horseless carriages” was taken for a short test drive in Springfield, Mass. by Frank Duryea, who had designed the vehicle with his brother, Charles.

In 1922, President Warren G. Harding signed a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.

In 1938, a hurricane in New England, with 183-mph winds, killed 700.

In 1964, Malta gained independence from Britain.