This Day in History – 3 Nisan/March 14

The cotton gin (short for cotton engine) was a machine for getting seeds out of cotton. Before the seeds had to be picked by hand.
The cotton gin (short for cotton engine) was a machine for getting seeds out of cotton. Before the seeds had to be picked by hand.

3 Nisan

In 2449/1312 B.C.E., The Nasi of the tribe of Zevulun, Eliav ben Cheilon, brought his korban.

Moshe Rabbeinu sprinkled the freshly produced Mei Chattas, (from the ashes of the Parah Adumah), on the members of Shevet Levi.

In 5252/1492, the decree expelling Jews from Spain and Sicily was issued, after King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella signed it.

In 5704/1944, the Nazis, ym”s, raided the Kovno ghetto and removed all the children for execution.


5532/1772, Harav Efrayim Ashkenazi, zt”l

5582/1822, Harav Binyamin Zev of Zhbariz, zt”l

5730/1970, Harav Yosef Yonah Zvi Halevi Horowitz, zt”l, the Unsdorf-Frankfurter Rav



Harav Eliezer Yerucham Baron of Radoshitz-Cracow, zy”a

Harav Eliezer Yerucham Baron was the son of Harav Yisrael Yitzchak, who was the son of Harav Yissachar Ber, the Saba Kadisha of Radoshitz.

Reb Eliezer Yerucham was the son-in-law of Harav Chaim Halberstam of Sanz, the Divrei Chaim, having married his daughter Rebbetzin Yuta.

Known as a gadol baTorah, Reb Eliezer Yerucham was well respected in Sanz. The Divrei Chaim cherished Reb Eliezer Yerucham, and appointed him to be in charge of the many letters and monies that were sent to the Rebbe’s court.

Reb Eliezer Yerucham published the sefer Duda’im Basadeh, written by his maternal great-grandfather, Harav Reuven Horowitz of Zarnovtza.

After the petirah of his first wife, Reb Eliezer Yerucham married the daughter of Harav Yissaschar Schiff of Brigel, grandson of Harav Nosson, the brother of the Rebbe Reb Elimelech of Lizhensk. Reb Eliezer Yerucham remained in Sanz, even after remarrying.

After the petirah of the Divrei Chaim, in 5636/1876, Reb Eliezer Yerucham left Sanz, and after the passing of his zivug sheini, he got married again, to the daughter of Harav Nisan, a Dayan in Shinaveh.

Reb Eliezer Yerucham later settled in Cracow, where he was named Rebbe.

Reb Eliezer Yerucham was niftar on 3 Nisan 5645/1885.

His sons were Harav Mendel of Yaslow and Harav Yonah of Yaslow. His sons-in-law were Harav Mordechai Yaakov Horowitz, Rav of Oleinov; Harav Pesach Dovid Miller of Bukovsk; and Harav Elazar Meir Kleinman of Teshin.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.



Eli Whitney. (AP Photo)
Eli Whitney. (AP Photo)

March 14

In 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America’s cotton industry.

In 1900, Congress ratified the Gold Standard Act.

In 1923, President Warren G. Harding became the first chief executive to file an income tax return, paying a tax of $17,990 on his $75,000 salary.

In 1939, the republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation of Czech areas and the separation of Slovakia.

In 1951, during the Korean War, United Nations forces recaptured Seoul.

In 1962, Democrat Edward M. Kennedy officially launched in Boston his successful candidacy for the U.S. Senate seat from Massachusetts once held by his brother, President John F. Kennedy. (Edward Kennedy served in the Senate for nearly 47 years.)

In 1964, a jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy, and sentenced him to death. (Both the conviction and death sentence were later overturned, but Ruby died before he could be retried.)

In 1967, the body of President John F. Kennedy was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington National Cemetery.

In 1991, a British court overturned the wrongful convictions of the “Birmingham Six,” who had spent 16 years in prison for a 1974 Irish Republican Army bombing, and ordered them released.