This Day in History

Shaar blatt of sefer Pnei Ohel Moed.
Shaar blatt of sefer Pnei Ohel Moed.

 

Shaar blatt of sefer Yoshev Ohalim.
Shaar blatt of sefer Yoshev Ohalim.

28 Teves

Yahrtzeiten

5688/1928, Harav Gedalyah Shmelkes of Pshemishel, zt”l

5716/1956, Harav Yerachmiel Eliyahu Botchko, Rosh Yeshivah, Montreux, Switzerland, zt”l

5741/1981, Harav Yissachar Dov Ber Rosenbaum of Strozhnitz, zt”l

5768/2008, Harav Shmuel Berenbaum, zt”l, Rosh Yeshivah Mir, Brooklyn


 

5618/1858

Harav Avraham Entebi, zt”l, Rav of Aram Tzova (Aleppo), Syria

Harav Avraham Entebi was born in 5525/1765. His father, Rav Yitzchak, one of the Gedolim of the generation, was a member of the elite group of Rabbanim in Aram Tzova which included Harav Tzadkah Chutzin, Harav Yehudah Yom Tov Katzin, Harav Yitzchak Brachah and others.

Rav Avraham studied under the tutelage of his father.

Harav Chaim Abualefia writes in his haskamah to Rav Avraham’s Yoshev Ohalim that upon his visit to Aram Tzova during the lifetime of Rav Yitzchak, the greatness of Rav Avraham was already apparent. He adds that in his second visit to Aram Tzova, many years later, in 5580/1720, he saw Rav Avraham in his full greatness, knowledgeable in all Torah facets.

Rav Avraham stood out among the many Torah leaders in his generation for his sharpness, clarity in learning and his psak. Many halachic she’eilos were addressed to him from across the Torah world.

Rav Avraham was the Rosh Yeshivah and Rav in Aram Tzova for over 40 years. As Rav, he showed his authority and never feared ruling in favor of the underdog, even against affluent members of the kehillah.

Rav Avraham wrote many sefarim, a number of which were published. These include: Yoshev Ohalim on the Torah; Pnei Habayis on the Toras Habayis of the Rashba; Pnei Habayis on the commentary of the Beis Yosef on Choshen Mishpat; She’eilos U’teshuvos Mor Ve’ohalos on the four sections of Shulchan Aruch; Ohel Yesharim; Chachmah U’mussar, his mussar work; and Pnei Ohel Moed on Even Ha’ezer. Many of his other sefarim were never published.

Rav Avraham was niftar on 28 Teves 5618/1858, at the age of 93.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


 

Workers search for victims of a mudslide that left four people dead and 20 missing in La Conchita. (David McNew/Getty Images)
Workers search for victims of a mudslide that left four people dead and 20 missing in La Conchita. (David McNew/Getty Images)

Jan. 10

In 1861, Florida became the third state to secede from the Union.

In 1863, the London Underground had its beginnings as the Metropolitan, the world’s first underground passenger railway, opened to the public with service between Paddington and Farringdon Street.

In 1870, John D. Rockefeller incorporated Standard Oil.

In 1901, the Spindletop oil field in Beaumont, Texas, produced the Lucas Gusher, heralding the start of the Texas oil boom.

In 1920, the League of Nations was established as the Treaty of Versailles went into effect.

In 1946, the first General Assembly of the United Nations convened in London. Fifty-one nations were represented.

In 1957, Harold Macmillan became prime minister of Britain, following the resignation of Anthony Eden.

In 1962, an ice avalanche on Nevado Huascaran in Peru resulted in some 4,000 deaths.

In 1984, the United States and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations for the first time in more than a century.

In 2005, a landslide occurred in La Conchita, California, killing 10 people, injuring many more and closing U.S. Route 101, the main coastal corridor between San Francisco and Los Angeles, for 10 days.