4176/415, Rabban Gamliel Hanasi (the fourth) was removed from his post by the Romans, putting an end to the last vestiges of Jewish self-government after the Churban.
In 4946/1185, Saladin, with his Moslem army, captured Yerushalayim from the Crusaders and allowed Jews to return to the city after an absence of 88 years.
In 5127/1366, King Frederick III of Sicily forbade decorating the outsides of shuls.
5303/1542, Harav Avraham Kara, zt”l, Rav of Prague
5763/2002, Harav Avraham Eiger, the Lubliner Rebbe, zt”l
Harav Efraim Zalman Schorr, zt”l, the Tevuas Shor
Harav Efraim Zalman Schorr was the son of Harav Naftali Hirsh Schorr, a direct descendant of Rabbeinu Yosef Bechor Shor, one of the Baalei Tosafos.
Reb Efraim Zalman was the son-in-law of the famous Harav Shaul Wohl (Katzenellenbogen).
Reb Efraim Zalman was Rav first in the city of Shebarshin, and later in Horodna. After the petirah of his father-in-law, he was appointed Rav of Brisk. He subsequently became Rav and Rosh Yeshivah in Lublin.
Reb Efraim Zalman authored Tevuas Shor, a brief summary of the Beis Yosef on all four sections of the Shulchan Aruch, adding the sources for many rulings not brought by the Beis Yosef himself.
Reb Efraim Zalman was niftar on 28 Tishrei 5394/1633. He was survived by his son Harav Yaakov, who also served as Rav in Brisk.
Zecher tzaddik livrachah.
In 1780, British spy John Andre was hanged in Tappan, N.Y., during the Revolutionary War.
In 1835, the first battle of the Texas Revolution took place as American settlers fought Mexican soldiers near the Guadalupe River; the Mexicans ended up withdrawing.
In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson suffered a serious stroke at the White House that left him paralyzed on his left side.
In 1941, during World War II, German armies launched an all-out drive against Moscow.
In 1944, Nazi troops crushed the two-month-old Warsaw uprising, during which a quarter of a million people were killed.
In 1958, the former French colony of Guinea in West Africa proclaimed its independence.
In 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court as the court opened its new term.
In 2001, NATO Secretary-General Lord Robertson said the United States had provided “clear and conclusive” evidence of Osama bin Laden’s involvement in the attacks on New York and Washington.