This Day in History – 22 Av/July 29

President Eisenhower commissioned Dr. T. Keith Glennan (R) as the first administrator for NASA and Dr. Hugh L. Dryden as deputy administrator. The National Aeronautics and Space Act (Pub.L. 85-568), the United States federal statute that created NASA, was signed into law 50 years ago today on July 29, 1958. (AP Photo/NASA)
President Eisenhower commissioned Dr. T. Keith Glennan (R) as the first administrator for NASA and Dr. Hugh L. Dryden as deputy administrator. The National Aeronautics and Space Act (Pub.L. 85-568), the United States federal statute that created NASA, was signed into law 50 years ago today on July 29, 1958. (AP Photo/NASA)

22 Av

In 4261/501 C.E., a violent earthquake rocked Eretz Yisrael, destroying the city of Acco.

In 5248/1488, 16 Jews were burned to death in Toledo, Spain, Hy”d.

Yahrtzeiten

5058/1298, Rabbeinu Mordechai ben Hillel, author of the Mordechai, Hy”d

5377/1617, Harav Moshe Kazis, zt”l, (Maharam Kazis)

5541/1781, Harav Meir Hagadol of Premishlan, zt”l


 

5709/1949

Harav Eliyahu Dushnitzer, zt”l, Mashgiach of Yeshivas Lomza, Petach Tikva

Harav Eliyahu Hakohen Dushnitzer was born in a small village near Lomza in 5636/1876. His father was Harav Yosef.

He learned in Telshe and Slabodka, but mainly in the yeshivah of the Chofetz Chaim in Radin. Reb Eliyahu also learned in the Kodshim Kollel under the Chofetz Chaim, along with other Gedolim including Harav Elchanan Wasserman, zt”l.

During these years, as he grew in Torah, Reb Eliyahu garnered an abundance of yiras Shamayim and sheleimus in middos. These special attributes stayed with him all his life, and he instilled them in his talmidim.

In 5686/1926, with the establishment of the Lomza Yeshivah in Petach Tikvah, Reb Eliyahu was asked to be maggid shiur and Mashgiach. He moved to Eretz Yisrael and served in these capacities until his petirah.

Besides his mussar shmuessen, Reb Eliyahu delivered a Gemara shiur twice a week, quoting chiddushim he had heard from Harav Shimon Shkop, zt”l, Harav Elchanan Wasserman, zt”l, and Harav Naftali Trop, zt”l.

Many future Gedolei Yisrael were among his talmidim. To name a few of the more famous ones: the Maggid Harav Shalom Schwadron, zt”l; Harav Elazar Menachem Shach, zt”l; and, ybl”c, Harav Chaim Kanievsky, shlita.

Reb Eliyahu used to go around imploring the storekeepers to close for Shabbos.

He was so particular concerning bitul Torah that he scheduled the levayah of his Rebbetzin for bein hasedarim.

Reb Eliyahu was niftar on 22 Av 5709/1949 at the age of 83.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


 

July 29

In 1588, the English attacked the Spanish Armada in the Battle of Gravelines, resulting in an English victory.

In 1900, Italian King Humbert I was assassinated by an anarchist; he was succeeded by his son, Victor Emmanuel III.

In 1921, Adolf Hitler became the leader (fuehrer) of the National Socialist German Workers Party.

In 1957, the International Atomic Energy Agency was established.

In 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, creating NASA.

In 1967, an accidental rocket launch aboard the super-carrier USS Forrestal in the Gulf of Tonkin resulted in a fire and explosions that killed 134 servicemen.

In 1975, President Gerald R. Ford became the first U.S. president to visit the site of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz in Poland.

In 1980, a state funeral was held in Cairo, Egypt, for the deposed Shah of Iran, who had died two days earlier at age 60.

In 1993, the Israeli Supreme Court acquitted retired Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk of being Nazi death camp guard “Ivan the Terrible” and threw out his death sentence; Demjanjuk was set free.