This Day in History – 2 Kislev/November 5

The kever of Harav Aharon Kotler, zt"l, on Har Hamenuchos, whose yahrtzeit is today, 2 Kislev. His kever is next to that of his father-in-law, Harav Isser Zalman Meltzer, zt"l, and that of his son and successor, Harav Shneur Kotler, zt"l, and in close proximity to the kevarim of many other Gedolei Yisrael. (Y. Gesser)
The kever of Harav Aharon Kotler, zt”l, on Har Hamenuchos, whose yahrtzeit is today, 2 Kislev. His kever is next to that of his father-in-law, Harav Isser Zalman Meltzer, zt”l, and that of his son and successor, Harav Shneur Kotler, zt”l, and in close proximity to the kevarim of many other Gedolei Yisrael. (Y. Gesser)

2 Kislev

In 5488/1727, Jews in New York were allowed to take an official oath without reference to Christianity.

In 5704/1943, Hitler’s soldiers were chased out of Casablanca, prompting the celebration of “Purim of Casablanca.”

Yahrtzeiten

5536/1775, Harav Shmaryahu Varchovker, zt”l, talmid of the Baal Shem Tov

5646/1885, Harav Avraham Hakohen of Salonika, zt”l, mechaber of Taharas Mayim

5555/1894, Harav Meshulam Feish Halevi Heller of Zhabrizh, the Yosher Divrei Emes, zt”l

5700/1939, Harav Nachum Weidenfeld of Dombrova, Hy”d, mechaber of Chazon Nachum

5720/1959, Harav Akiva Sofer, zt”l, the Daas Sofer of Pressburg

5723/1962, Harav Aharon Kotler, zt”l, founder and Rosh Yeshivah of Beth Medrash Govoha of Lakewood

5759/1998, Harav Nosson Meir Wachtfogel, zt”l, Mashgiach of Beth Medrash Govoha of Lakewood


 

5618/1857

Harav Yisrael Yitzchak Baron of Radoshitz, zt”l

Born in 5570/1810, Harav Yisrael Yitzchak Baron was the son of Harav Yissachar Dov, the Saba Kadisha of Radoshitz.

While he was a talmid and a chassid of his father, he also traveled to Harav Yisrael of Ruzhin, Harav Yechezkel of Kuzmir, Harav Chaim Meir Yechiel of Mogelnitza and Harav Eliezer of Dzikov.

He married the daughter of Harav Yehudah Leib Horowitz, son of Harav Reuven of Zharnovtza, mechaber of Duda’im BaSadeh.

Following the petirah of his father on 18 Sivan 5603/1843, the chassidim compelled him to serve as their Rebbe. In his humility, Reb Yisrael Yitzchak refused to don the garment of a Rebbe, and his conduct continued to be simple.

Many stories of mofsim were related about Reb Yisrael Yitzchak, as they were about his father.

He was close with many of the generation’s other Rebbes, among them the Divrei Chaim of Sanz, the Chiddushei Harim of Ger, and Harav Yitzchak of Vorka.

At the age of 48, Reb Yisrael Yitzchak got sick and was sent to a hospital in Warsaw. He was niftar there on 2 Kislev 5618/1857.

Of his sons, Harav Yaakov Dovid of Radoshitz and Harav Eliezer Yerucham (son-in-law of Harav Chaim of Sanz) served as Rebbes.

Zechuso yagen aleinu


 

November 5

In 1605, the “Gunpowder Plot” failed as Guy Fawkes was seized before he could blow up the English Parliament.

In 1781, the Continental Congress elected John Hanson of Maryland its chairman, giving him the title of “President of the United States in Congress Assembled.”

In 1872, suffragist Susan B. Anthony defied the law by attempting to cast a vote for President Ulysses S. Grant. (Anthony was convicted by a judge and fined $100, but she never paid the fine.)

In 1911, aviator Calbraith P. Rodgers arrived in Pasadena, Calif., completing the first transcontinental airplane trip in 49 days.

In 1912, Democrat Woodrow Wilson was elected president, defeating Progressive Party candidate Theodore Roosevelt, incumbent Republican William Howard Taft and Socialist Eugene V. Debs.

In 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term in office as he defeated Republican challenger Wendell L. Willkie.

In 1968, Richard M. Nixon won the presidency, defeating Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey and American Independent candidate George C. Wallace.

In 1974, Ella T. Grasso was elected governor of Connecticut, becoming the first woman to win a gubernatorial office without succeeding her husband.

In 1990, Rabbi Meir Kahane was shot to death at a New York hotel; Hy”d. (Egyptian native El Sayyed Nosair was convicted of the slaying in federal court.)

In 2009, a shooting rampage at the Fort Hood Army post in Texas left 13 people dead; Maj. Nidal Hasan, an Army psychiatrist, was charged with premeditated murder and attempted murder. (Hasan was convicted by a military jury and sentenced to death in August 2013.)