Roll the Dice With This Nutrition Quiz

(The Monterey County Herald/ MCT) -

Some of the topics at this conference looked familiar to me: “Managing Problem Diabetics” and “Weight Management: Real Life Solutions to Real Life Problems,” for example.

Others topics — such as “Heifer Nutrition” and “Feeding Kitties” — were less familiar. This was, after all, the Western Veterinary Conference — an annual event in Las Vegas for doctors of animal medicine.

And why was I there? Official business … which included enjoying my granddaughter while her dad and mom attended educational sessions.

I was intrigued by the variety of species cared for by animal doctors — from birds to reptiles to camels — and the many health issues of animals, some of which are similar to humans, my son-in-law reminded me. Obesity and diabetes, for example, are major health issues for dogs and cats as well as their owners, he said.

So as we look back at “Heart Month,” here is a short quiz:

1. Heart disease is a) preventable; b) controllable.

A: Both are correct.

2. Coronary heart disease is a) the most common type of heart disease in humans; b) a major cause of heart attack and heart failure; c) when plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart; d) not as common in dogs.

A: All are correct.

3. One of the most common medical conditions seen in dogs is a) feed-me-scraps syndrome: b) obesity; c) barking at the moon.

A: b.

4. Animal experts say that dogs are more apt to become overweight if they are fed a) people food b) large volumes of cheap dog food rather than measured amounts of premium brands; c) all-you-can-eat buffets.

A: All are correct.

5. Blood pressure tends to go down when a) salt intake goes down; b) a person has a companion pet; c) rocking your grand-baby.

A: All are correct.

6. “Metabolic syndrome” describes a group of symptoms that increase one’s risk for a) heart disease; b) stroke; c) type 2 diabetes.

A: a, b, c.

7. Any three of these signs indicate “metabolic syndrome”: a) Blood pressure over 130/85; b) fasting blood sugar over 100; c) waist larger than 40 inches (men) or 35 inches (women); d) HDL cholesterol less than 40 (men) or 50 (women); e) blood triglyceride level more than 150.

A: All are correct.

8. Substances in these foods have been found to help reduce symptoms of metabolic syndrome: a) Nopal (prickly pear cactus); b) red and yellow M&M’s; c) soy protein; d) chia seed; e) oats.

A: a, c, d, e.

9. Lifestyle changes that reduce blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels include: a) lose about 10 percent of your current weight if you are overweight; b) eat less total fat especially saturated fat.

A: a, b


Barbara Quinn is a registered dietitian and certified diabetes educator at the Community Hospital of the Monterey Peninsula.