In 3830, Roman legions under Titus breached the middle wall of Yerushalayim; a counter-attack by the Jews restored the wall to their command.
In 5162/1402, the pope granted certain liberal privileges to the Jews of Rome.
5515/1755, Harav Zorach Eideles of Prague, zt”l
5669/1909, Harav Yehudah Tzvi Eichenstein, Rebbe of Dolina, zt”l
5668/1908, The Mekubal Harav Masoud Abuchatzeira, Zt”l, Father of the Baba Sali, Zt”l
Harav Masoud Abuchatzeira was the son of Harav Yaakov, zt”l, the famed Abir Yaakov. Born in 5595/1835, in Tafilalet, Morocco, he was the oldest son of Harav Yaakov.
Rav Masoud learned under his father, and was the chavrusa of Harav Shlomo Chayun, zt”l.
Besides the regular seder of learning Shas and poskim, he had a special seder for learning Kabbalah with his father.
After the petirah of his father on 20 Teves 5640/1880, Rav Masoud, as the oldest son, was appointed Rav in Tafilalet in his stead.
As Rav of the kehillah, Rav Masoud enacted many takanos and ran his kehillah with an iron hand. He could not be swayed by even the richest member.
Rav Masoud delivered many drashos, usually imploring the community to maintain the chinuch of their children, to make sure they were all educated in the ways of Torah and yiras Shamayim.
Rav Masoud was renowned for his avodas Hashem, most notably his tefillos.
When Rav Masoud was niftar, on 12 Iyar 5668/1908, after serving as Rav for 28 years, a huge levayah was held.
It is related that the night after his kevurah, the local non-Jews came to the cemetery and desecrated his kever. In the morning, when the matter was revealed, the community reacted with shock and anguish over the disgrace to their Rav. This only added to their sorrow.
The next day, Rav Masoud appeared in a dream to his son Harav David, and told him that they should not be upset or concerned over what had happened, for he needed this as a certain tikkun. Rav Masoud added that one of those in the chevrah kaddisha who dealt with his kevurah committed on that day a certain aveirah — and he specified which aveirah.
Since this man had touched him during the kevurah, he had to have the tikkun of the kever being desecrated, to erase the effect of the aveirah. When they checked into the matter, the member of the chevrah kaddisha owned up to committing the aveirah.
Zecher tzaddik livrachah.
In 1882, President Chester Alan Arthur signed the Chinese Exclusion Act, which barred Chinese immigrants from the U.S. for 10 years Arthur had opposed an earlier version with a 20-year ban.
In 1935, the Works Progress Administration began operating.
In 1937, the German airship Hindenburg caught fire and crashed while attempting to dock at Lakehurst, New Jersey; 35 of the 97 people on board were killed, along with a crewman on the ground.
In 1941, Josef Stalin assumed the Soviet premiership.
In 1994, Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II and French President Francois Mitterrand formally opened the Channel Tunnel between their countries.
In 2019, Britain’s Prince Harry and wife Megan Markle became parents as Markle gave birth to a boy who would be named Archie.