This Day in History – July 22/1 Av

In 5703/1943, the mostly Jewish captives in Treblinka initiated a revolt.

In 5707/1947, a British ship seized the S.S. Exodus, which was carrying 4,000 Jewish Holocaust survivors to Eretz Yisrael, and forced it to return to Germany.


Yahrtzeiten

2489, Aharon Hakohen, a”h – the only yahrtzeit mentioned in the Torah

5383/1623, Harav Eliezer Isserles, zt”l, brother of the Rema

5460/1700, Harav Yosef, zt”l, Rav of Dubna, mechaber of Yesod Yosef

5502/1742, Harav Asher Ginzburg, zt”l, Rav of Wallerstein, son of the Shaagas Aryeh

5663/1903, Harav Aharon Halberstam, zt”l, Rav of Kreiz, son of the Divrei Chaim

5760/2000, Harav Shlomo Halberstam, Rebbe of Bobov, zt”l


5643/1883, Harav Shmuel Ehrenfeld, the Chasan Sofer, zt”l

Harav Shmuel was born to Harav Dovid Tzvi Ehrenfeld, zt”l, the son-in-law of Harav Moshe Sofer, zt”l, the Chasam Sofer.

In his youth he studied under the guidance of his father and his uncle, the Ksav Sofer, zt”l. At a rather young age, he became known for his great scholarship and piety. He was close to his uncle the Ksav Sofer, who consulted with him about communal as well as Torah matters.

He married the daughter of Harav Bunim Pashkes and earned a living through trade, while keeping to an extremely busy schedule of learning and teaching.

The Chasan Sofer wished to avoid the Rabbanus but Hashem willed otherwise. His business ultimately didn’t succeed and he was forced to accept a Rabbinical position as he became Rav in Betlon, where he established a yeshivah. Two years later he moved to Siks, where he founded another yeshivah with great success; hundreds of eager talmidim flocked to it.

Rav Shmuel, true to the way of his grandfather the Chasam Sofer, lived a humble and purposeful life, disseminating Torah and serving Hashem. His tefillos were renowned as fiery and heart-rending.

The esteemed kehillah of Mattersdorf, where the Chasam Sofer had previously served as Rav, exerted pressure on Rav Shmuel to accept the rabbanus. Rav Shmuel adamantly refused, claiming that he had to remain loyal to his talmidim.

However, under increasing pressure from Mattersdorf, he finally acquiesced and moved there. In Mattersdorf, his yeshivah grew even more, and eventually Mattersdorf became a major focal point for bnei yeshivah. The yeshivah came to be one of the most outstanding in Hungary.

Rav Shmuel was noticeably similar to his holy grandfather, the Chasam Sofer. Many contemporary Gedolei Hador regarded him as the “junior Chasam Sofer.”

Rav Shmuel was niftar at the age of 48. During the last period of his life, when he fell ill, he refused to accept money from the kehillah for treatment, explaining that he had made a neder not to derive benefit from such monies.

He was succeeded by his son, Harav Simchah Bunim, zt”l.

His works were published as Chasan Sofer, literally “son-in-law of the Sofer,” referring to the Chasam Sofer (he was actually the son of the son-in-law of the Chasam Sofer).

Zecher tzaddik livrachah


July 22

In 1587, an English colony fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.

In 1933, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world as he returned to New York’s Floyd Bennett Field after traveling for 7 days, 18 and 3/4 hours.

In 1937, the U.S. Senate rejected President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court.

In 1942, the Nazis began transporting Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp. Gasoline rationing involving the use of coupons began along the Atlantic seaboard.

In 1957, Walter “Fred” Morrison applied for a patent for a “flying toy” which became known as the Frisbee.

In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.