In 3828, the Jews defeated a major legion of the Roman army in Yerushalayim, just a few years before the second Churban. The date was celebrated as a yom tov.
In 4926/1165, the Rambam reached Chevron.
In 5528/1767, a great earthquake shook Tzfas, killing hundreds.
5088/1327, Rabbeinu Asher ben Yechiel, the Rosh, zt”l
5554/1793, Harav Avraham Moshe “Hagadol,” Rebbe of Pshevorsk, zy”a
5649/1888, Harav Shmuel Teitelbaum, Rav of Gorlitz, zt”l
5663/1902, Harav Shmuel Zanvil Klapfish, zt”l, Rav in Warsaw
5740/1939, Harav Shimon Shkop, Rosh Yeshivah of Yeshivah Shaar Hatorah in Grodno, mechaber of Shaarei Yosher, zt”l
5707/1946, Harav Chaim Mordechai Roler, zt”l, Rav of Neimetz, mechaber of Be’er Chaim Mordechai
Harav Yehudah Horowitz, the Stutchiner Rebbe, Zy”a
Harav Yehudah Horowitz was born on 13 Tammuz 5652/1892 to Harav Yitzchak of Stutchin, zt”l, a scion of the Ropshitzer dynasty. Rav Yehudah lost his mother as a child.
Rav Yehudah married the daughter of Harav Yehoshua Shapira of Ribtitsh-Bluzhov, zy”a. In 5696/1936 he moved to Eretz Yisrael, settling in Yerushalayim and later in Teveriah.
Just two years later, in 5698/1938, he was appointed Rav in Stutchin, replacing his father who moved to Tarnow. At his father’s request, he began receiving Chassidim there.
In 5700/1940, after World War II broke out, Rav Yehudah had escaped to Lvov when he got word of his father’s passing. The Chassidim managed to anoint Rav Yehudah as their new Rebbe.
He fled to Russia, and thus was able to survive the war. After the war he moved to America, settling in Brooklyn.
The Stutchiner Rebbe visited Eretz Yisrael twice, in 5720/1960 and in 5723/1963. These visits left their mark on the tzibbur in Eretz Yisrael.
The Rebbe wrote down the divrei Torah that he delivered every week to his Chassidim, printed as Minchas Yehudah.
He was niftar on 9 Cheshvan 5742/1981 at the age of 90 and was buried in Teveria.
Zechuso yagen aleinu.
In 1648, Boston shoemakers were authorized to form a guild to protect their interests; it is the first American labor organization on record.
In 1767, the Mason-Dixon line, the boundary between colonial Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware, was set as astronomers Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon completed their survey.
In 1892, the first long-distance telephone line between New York and Chicago was officially opened. It could handle only one call at a time.
In 1931, inventor Thomas Alva Edison died in West Orange, New Jersey, at age 84.
In 1944, Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia.
In 1962, James D. Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins were honored with the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology for determining the double-helix molecular structure of DNA.
In 1969, the federal government banned artificial sweeteners known as cyclamates because of evidence they caused cancer in laboratory rats.