In 5108/1348, Jews of Colmar, France, were arrested in response to a libelous accusation that they had poisoned a well. They were burned al kiddush Hashem several months later.
In 5729/1969, nine Jews were publicly executed al kiddush Hashem in Damascus, Syria.
5574/1814, Harav Tzvi of Butchatch, zt”l, mechaber of Neta Shashuim
5633/1873, Harav Shmuel of Shinev, zt”l, mechaber of Ramasayim Tzofim
Harav Yosef Meir Kahana, Zy”a, the Spinka Rebbe of Yerushalayim
Harav Yosef Meir Kahana was born on Rosh Chodesh Kislev 5670/1909, in Spinka, Romania. His father was Harav Tzvi Hirsh Kahana, zt”l, grandson of the Imrei Yosef of Spinka, zy”a, for whom he was named.
Rav Yosef Meir learned under his father, who was Rav in Spinka, and from his uncle, Harav Yitzchak Eizik Weiss, zy”a, the Chakal Yitzchak of Spinka.
When he came of age, Rav Yosef Meir was chosen as a son-in-law by Harav Yitzchak Teitelbaum, the Hosakover Rebbe, zy”a.
After receiving semichah, Rav Yosef Meir served as Rav in Ungvar, the city where his father-in-law resided.
In 5696/1936, Rav Yosef Meir became Rav and Rosh Yeshivah in Seredna. In 5701/1941, during the War, Rav Yosef Meir was in danger of being expelled from the city, as he was a foreigner and didn’t have the requisite documents; he managed to leave to Eretz Yisrael together with his family on the last ship to get out at that time.
In Eretz Yisrael, he settled in Yerushalayim, founding a yeshivah and a beis medrash.
Rav Yosef Meir was niftar on 8 Shevat 5738/January 16, 1978. He was buried in Yerushalayim.
Zechuso yagen aleinu.
In 1784, the United States ratified the Treaty of Paris ending the Revolutionary War; Britain followed suit in April of that year.
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and French General Charles de Gaulle opened a wartime conference in Casablanca.
In 1963, George C. Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama with the pledge, “Segregation forever!” — a view Wallace later repudiated.
In 1975, the House Internal Security Committee (formerly the House Un-American Activities Committee) was disbanded.
In 1994, President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed an accord to stop aiming missiles at any nation; the leaders joined Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk in signing an accord to dismantle the nuclear arsenal of Ukraine.