This Day In History 7 Cheshvan/November 8

Then Russian Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov. (Fox Photos/Getty Images)
Then Russian Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov. (Fox Photos/Getty Images)

In 5639/1878, Jews began to prepare the ground at Petach Tikva for a new settlement.

In 5702/1941, 10,000 Jews of the Kovno ghetto were taken out for execution. The Nazis murdered them all during that day and the next. Hy”d.

In 5704/1943, Jewish children below the age of 12 were taken from Shavl, Lithuania, and executed. Hy”d.


5562/1801, Harav Shimon Deutsch of Dobormil, zt”l, mechaber of Nachlas Shimon

5608/1847, Harav Yehudah Tzvi of Rozdol, zt”l, mechaber of Daas Kedoshim

5626/1865, Harav Nosson Dovid Rabinowitz of Shidlovtza, zt”l

5666/1905, Harav Yehoshua Schwartzberg, zt”l, Rav of Zarik and mechaber of Divrei Yehoshua

5666/1905, Harav Yerachmiel Tzvi of Biala-Shedlitz, zt”l

5675/1914, Harav Dovid of Sevorn, zt”l

5690/1929, Harav Yosef Yehudah Leib Bloch, zt”l, Rosh Yeshivah of Yeshivas Telshe

5693/1932, Harav Yehudah Meir Shapira of Lublin, zt”l

5632/1871, Harav Tzvi Hersh Labl of Tomashov, zt”l, Talmid of Harav Menachem Mendel of Kotzk

Harav Tzvi Hersh Labl was born in Bilgoray in 5559/1799. His father was Reb Yisrael, one of the leaders of the kehillah.

Reb Tzvi Hersh learned in the yeshivah in Tarnigrad, together with the Divrei Chaim of Sanz, under Harav Yosef Horowitz, the brother of the Chozeh of Lublin.

He married the daughter of Reb Yaakov of Tomashov. After his marriage, Reb Tzvi Hersh resided in Tomashov, and there he got to know Harav Menachem Mendel Morgenstern, who was later Rebbe in Kotzk. Under his influence, Reb Tzvi Hersh became a Peshischa Chassid, and the two were among the leading Chassidim of the Rebbe Reb Bunim in Peshischa.

After the petirah of the Rebbe Reb Bunim in 5587/1827, Reb Tzvi Hersh was among those who chose Reb Menachem Mendel as his successor.

When Reb Menachem Mendel moved from Tomashov to Kotzk, Reb Tzvi Hersh moved with him, as he was one of his closest Chassidim. He was the Rebbe’s right-hand man, and nothing in the court could be done without his consent.

When the Kotzker Rebbe was sick, Reb Tzvi Hersh sent out letters entreating the Chassidim to daven on his behalf.

In 5619/1869, after the petirah of the Kotzker Rebbe, Reb Tzvi Hersh was among the first of those who appointed Harav Yitzchak Meir, the Chiddushei Harim, as the new Rebbe.

Reb Tzvi Hersh would journey to the court of the Chiddushei Harim, and later to the Rebbe Reb Henoch of Alexander, and after the latter’s petirah to the Sfas Emes.

He was niftar on 7 Cheshvan 5632/1871 at the age of 72, and was zocheh to be buried near his Rebbe, Rav Menachem Mendel of Kotzk.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.

Nov. 8

In 1889, Montana became the 41st state.

In 1923, Adolf Hitler launched his first attempt at seizing power in Germany with a failed coup in Munich that came to be known as the Beer-Hall Putsch.

In 1986, former Soviet official Vyacheslav M. Molotov, whose name became attached to the incendiary bottle bomb known as a “Molotov cocktail,” died at age 96.

In 1994, midterm elections resulted in Republicans winning a majority in the Senate while at the same time gaining control of the House for the first time in 40 years.