This Day in History – 6 Cheshvan/November 4

Iranian terrorists storm the gates at the U.S. embassy compound in Tehran, November 1979.

6 Cheshvan

In 3340, Nevuchadnetzar killed King Tzidkiyahu’s sons before his eyes, and subsequently blinded him. (See Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 580:2.)

In 3427, the Yevanim implemented a mass slaughter of the Jews of Beis She’an.

In 4174/413, the Jews of Alexandria, Egypt, were expelled by Christian masses.

In 4926/1165, the Rambam arrived in Yerushalayim. He celebrated his arrival ever afterward as a private Yom Tov.

In 5127/1366, the king of Sicily forbade decorating the outside of shuls.

In 5461/1700, Rabbeinu Yehudah Chassid built his shul in the old city of Yerushalayim.

In 5704/1943, 100 Jews of Florence, Italy, were deported to extermination camps.

Yahrtzeiten

5202/1441, Harav Shmuel Chaim, zt”l, mechaber of Shemen Hamishchah

5704/1943, Harav Shlomo Dovid Yehoshua Weinberg, Hy”d, the Slonimer Rebbe

5749/1988, Harav Yechiel Menachem Singer, zy”a, Alexander Rebbe of America


5564/1803

Harav Yitzchak Eliyahu Igra of Tismenitz, Zt”l

Harav Yitzchak Eliyahu was born in 5544/1784 in Tismenitz. His father was the famed Harav Meshulam Igra, zt”l, Rav of Pressburg and author of She’eilos U’teshuvos Igra Ramah.

His father commented about him, “He has a sharper mind than I have.”

In 5562/1802, Rav Yitzchak Eliyahu married the daughter of Harav Yissachar Berish Falk, zt”l, the Rav of Hanover. Reb Yissachar Berish was the son of Harav Aryeh Leib Falk, the author of Pnei Aryeh on the Torah and a sefer of she’eilos u’teshuvos by the same name, who was in turn the son of Harav Yaakov Yehoshua Falk, the Pnei Yehoshua, zt”l.

Although the Noda BiYehudah had been niftar some years earlier (17 Iyar 5553/29 April 1793), the community of Prague had not yet appointed a new Rav to succeed him. Harav Meshulam Igra told them that his son would be a worthy successor. It is astounding that Harav Meshulam Igra thought so highly of his son that he would recommend him as Rav of a city of the stature of Prague, with a predecessor like the Noda BiYehudah — especially as this son was just 18 years old at the time!

Sadly, on 6 Cheshvan 5564/1803, just 14 months after his marriage, Rav Yitzchak Eliyahu was niftar at the age of 20.

Yehi zichro baruch.


Nov. 4

In 1922, the entrance to King Tutankhamen’s tomb was discovered in Egypt.

In 1956, Soviet troops moved in to crush the Hungarian Revolution.

In 1979, the Iran hostage crisis began as terrorists stormed the U.S. embassy in Tehran, seizing its occupants; for some of them, it was the start of 444 days of captivity.

In 1980, Republican Ronald Reagan won the White House as he defeated President Jimmy Carter by a strong margin.

In 1995, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated.

In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama was elected the first black president of the United States.