In 3411/351 B.C.E., the last prophecy of the last Navi, Zechariah, was that the Jews should not mourn on Tishah B’Av during the era of the second Beis Hamikdash.
In 5287/1526, the Jews of Pressburg were expelled by the order of Maria of Hapsburg.
In 5503/1742, Empress Elizabeth ordered the expulsion of the Jews from Russia.
5566/1805, Harav Tzvi Hersh Margulies of Lublin, zy”a
5638/1877, Harav Yaakov Dovid Kalish, Amshinover Rebbe, zy”a
5715/1954, Harav Yaakov Mordechai of Stretin, zy”a
5449/1688, Harav Eliyahu Kubo, zt”l, Av Beis Din of Salonika and mechaber of Aderes Eliyahu
Harav Eliyahu Kubo was born about 5388/1628. His father was Harav Yehudah, who was killed al Kiddush Hashem in Salonika on Shabbos, 15 Elul 5397/1637, after fighting a decree of the government.
The Kubo family (named after their native city) was well known among Salonika Jewry for upholding and disseminating Torah in the city for hundreds of years. The family had immigrated to Greece from Spain during the Spanish expulsion.
Rav Eliyahu married the daughter of Harav Moshe ben Rav Chaim Shabsi, zt”l, the Maharchash.
From the year 5443/1683 on, Rav Moshe was Chief Rabbi in Salonika. Tragically, during his tenure as Rav, many hundreds converted to Islam together with Shabsai Tzvi.
After Rav Moshe’s petirah, Rav Eliyahu was appointed Rav of Salonika and Rosh Yeshivah of the local yeshivah gedolah. He taught hundreds of talmidim, notably Harav Tzvi Ashkenazi (the Chacham Tzvi) and Harav Shmuel Yitzchak Modiliano, zecher tzaddikim livrachah.
Rav Eliyahu suffered greatly in his lifetime.
Two of his sons were niftar in the epidemic in 5445/1685. His son Rav Yehudah was niftar the same year that he was.
He was famous for his sefarim, Aderes Eliyahu and Shnei Hame’oros Hagedolim, his halachic responsa.
Rav Eliyahu was niftar on 4 Kislev 5449/1689 and buried in Salonika, Greece.
Zecher tzaddik livrachah.
In 1906, the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin adopted the SOS distress signal.
In 1914, the First Battle of Ypres during World War I ended with an Allied victory against Germany.
In 1935, a flying boat, the China Clipper, took off from Alameda, California, carrying more than 100,000 pieces of mail on the first trans-Pacific airmail flight.
In 1954, the Humane Society of the United States was incorporated as the National Humane Society.
In 1967, the U.N. Security Council approved Resolution 242, which called for Israel to withdraw from territories it had captured the previous June, and implicitly called on adversaries to recognize Israel’s right to exist.