In 5476/1716, the first substantial Jewish settlement in Massachusetts was established.
In 5701/1941, Vichy French planes bombed Tel Aviv, killing 21 Jews.
5628/1868, Harav Menachem Mendel Kalisch of Vorka, zt”l
5704/1944, Harav Yosef Konowitz, zt”l, mechaber of She’eilos U’teshuvos Divrei Yosef
5762/2002, Harav Efraim Eisenberg, zt”l, R”M, Yeshivas Ner Yisrael of Baltimore, zt”l
Harav Shalom Eliezer
Halberstam of Ratzfert, Hy”d
Harav Shalom Eliezer was born on Chol Hamoed Pesach 5622/1862. His father was Harav Chaim, the Divrei Chaim of Sanz. His mother, Rebbetzin Rechel, was the daughter of Harav Yechiel Tzvi Ungar of Tarnow. He was named after Harav Shalom of Kaminka, zt”l, and after Harav Eliezer of Dzikov, zt”l.
Reb Shalom Eliezer, a kadosh v’tahor from birth, was the second-youngest.
He married Rebbetzin Sarah Miriam, daughter of his brother-in-law, Harav Mordechai Dov Twerski of Hornosteipel. After his marriage he moved to Hornosteipel, in the Ukraine, where he lived for approximately 10 years.
In about 5647/1887, since he was not a Russian citizen, Reb Shalom Eliezer was forced by the authorities to leave the country. He moved back to Galicia and settled in Tarnow, where he began leading Chassidim. In 5660/1900 he moved to Ratzfert, Hungary, where he established a large following.
Reb Shalom Eliezer was known for his exemplary character and his drive to help Yidden in distress.
Many of Reb Shalom Eliezer’s sons-in-law were great Rebbes, including the Atzei Chaim of Sighet, zt”l, the Ohr Malei of Kosson, zt”l, and Harav Benzion of Bobov, the Kedushas Tzion, zt”l.
In 5704/1944, when the German occupation of Hungary was in full swing and it was apparent that they would liquidate the kehillah of Ratzfert, Reb Shalom Eliezer revealed to his sons that his father, the Divrei Chaim, zt”l, had come to him in a dream. He had given him the option to be saved and live or to die al kiddush Hashem. He had chosen the second option!
Reb Shalom Eliezer was sent to various concentration camps. He was burned al kiddush Hashem, cloaked in holiness. Hy”d.
Zechuso yagen aleinu
In 1611, English explorer Henry Hudson, his son and several other people were set adrift in present-day Hudson Bay by mutineers aboard the Discovery.
In 1870, the United States Department of Justice was created.
In 1941, during World War II, Nazi Germany launched Operation Barbarossa, a massive invasion of the Soviet Union.
In 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944, more popularly known as the “GI Bill of Rights.”