In 5606/1846, the residence tax on Hungarian Jews was abolished.
5341/1581, Harav Moshe Najára, zt”l, student of the Arizal and mechaber of Lekach Tov on Rashi
5609/1849, Harav Chaim Kitza of Irsha, zt”l, mechaber of Otzar Chaim
5629/1869, Harav Shlomo Kluger, zt”l
Harav Meir Rosenbaum of Kretchenif, zy”a
Harav Meir Rosenbaum was born in 5612/1852. His father was Harav Mordechai of Nadvorna, zy”a, who descended from the esteemed dynasties of Nadvorna and Premishlan.
Reb Meir married the daughter of Harav Chaim of Dorohoi, a grandson of Harav Chaim of Chernowitz, the Be’er Mayim Chaim, zy”a.
Reb Meir led his own court as Rebbe in Yassi, even during his father’s lifetime.
Reb Mordechai of Nadvorna was niftar, after many yissurim, on the first day of Sukkos, 15 Tishrei 5655/1894.
After his father’s petirah, Reb Meir moved in 5656/1895 to Kretchenif, near the city of Sighet. There Reb Meir attracted many Chassidim, who were drawn to his avodas hakodesh. He was renowned for his dveikus in Hashem and for his legendary middas ha’emes, honesty.
Reb Meir was known as a baal mofes; these mofsim drew many to his court for his brachos, and they made him famous. Reb Meir would also write kameios (amulets) for those in need of a yeshuah. In fact, he was the only one of all his brothers whom his father allowed to write kemeyos.
His house was open, always full of guests, because of his love for the mitzvah of hachnasas orchim.
Reb Meir was niftar on 30 Sivan 5668/1908. He was 56 years old.
His sons were Harav Eliezer Zev (Wolf) of Kretchenif, Harav Issamar of Nadvorna, Harav Yaakov Yissachar Ber of Slotpina, Harav Yitzchak of Rachov and Harav Mordechai of Rachov. His sons-in-law were Harav Shlomo Isaacson of Romania and Harav Pinchas Shapira of Kochnia.
Some of Reb Meir’s divrei Torah were printed in the sefer Arbaah Arazim.
Zechuso yagen aleinu.
In 1917, during World War I, Arab forces led by T.E. Lawrence and Auda Abu Tayi captured the port of Aqaba from the Turks.
In 1945, President Harry S. Truman signed an executive order establishing the Medal of Freedom. Nicaragua became the first nation to ratify the United Nations Charter.
In 1966, Malawi became a republic.