This Day In History 29 Tishrei/October 19

Harav Avraham Chaim Horowitz

In 5211/1450, the Jews of Lower Bavaria were expelled.

In 5701/1940, this date was the deadline for Warsaw’s Jews to move into the ghetto.


3449/313 B.C.E., the Tanna Shimon Hatzaddik, the last of the Anshei Knesses Hagedolah

5566/1805, Harav Meir Derbarmdiger, zt”l, son of the Kedushas Levi

5601/1840, Harav Avraham David, zt”l, Rav of Butchach and mechaber of Daas Kedoshim

5645/1884, Harav Menachem Mendel Hager, Rebbe of Vizhnitz, zt”l, the Tzemach Tzaddik

5684/1923, Harav Shmuel Tzvi Danziger, zt”l, the Tiferes Shmuel of Alexander

5703/1942, Harav Yisrael Shapiro, zt”l, the Grodzisker Rebbe

5679/1918, Harav Avraham Chaim Horowitz, Zt”l, the Plantcher Rav

Harav Avraham Chaim Horowitz was born in 5610/1850 to Harav Moshe of Rozvadov, zt”l, who was the son of Harav Eliezer of Dzhikov, zt”l, son of Harav Naftali Tzvi of Ropshitz, zy”a. His mother was the daughter of Harav Yekusiel Yehudah Teitelbaum, zy”a, the Yetev Lev of Sighet.

Reb Avraham Chaim learned with his brother-in-law, Harav Shalom David Ungar, zt”l. He was once tested by the Divrei Chaim of Sanz, who advised him to learn a lot of Shach as “it sharpens the mind.”

He married the daughter of Rav Betzalel Weinberger of Gorlitz.

He became Rav in Plantch; following his father’s petirah, he was named Rebbe there. Many thousands flocked to his court.

When Congress Poland expelled all foreigners, Reb Avraham Chaim had to move away, and he resettled in Radomishla. In 5671/1911, he moved to Reisha. During World War I he fled to Budapest, returning after the war to Reisha.

Reb Avraham Chaim was renowned for his hasmadah. He davened with a bren, which gave everyone around him a spiritual lift. He had a sweet voice, and at his tischen would sing niggunim that he composed.

Reb Avraham Chaim was niftar on 29 Tishrei 5679/1918, in Reisha at the age of 68.

His sons were Harav Shlomo, Rav in Pakshivnitz, who was niftar at young age; Harav Elazar, Hy”d, of Grodzhisk, martyred in 5703/1943; and Harav David, Hy”d, Rav in Pshetzlav and later Rav in Reisha, martyred in 5702/1942.

His sons-in-law were Harav Elimelech Rubin, Hy”d, Rav in Zaslow; Harav Yoel Teitelbaum, the Divrei Yoel, zt”l; and Harav Efraim Horowitz, zt”l, the son of Harav Hershel of Rozvadov.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.

A USPS service delivery truck.

Oct. 19

In 1914, the U.S. Post Office began delivering mail with government-owned cars, as opposed to using contracted vehicles.

In 1951, U.S. President Truman signed an act officially ending the state of war with Germany.

In 1977, the supersonic Concorde made its first landing in New York City.

In 1987, the stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 508 points, or 22.6 percent in value (its biggest daily percentage loss), to close at 1,738.74, in what came to be known as “Black Monday.”