In 2450/1311 B.C.E., Moshe Rabbeinu sent the Meraglim to Eretz Yisrael.
In 5701/1941, within a few days of their effort to invade Russian-occupied territory, the Nazis overran Vilna, Kovno, Bialystok and Riga, closing the famed Slabodka and Telshe yeshivos, among others. The invasion brought about massive pogroms by the local populations in which thousands were killed.
5607/1847, Harav Shmuel Shmaryahu Heine of Ostrovtza, zt”l
5673/1913, Harav Shlomo Danah of Tunis, zt”l, mechaber of Shalmei Todah
5684/1924, Dr. Yaakov Yisrael DeHaan, Hy”d, the famous baal teshuvah and askan for Agudas Yisrael before the founding of the State of Israel. He was assassinated by the Zionists for his activities.
Harav Moshe Nachum Yerushlamsky, zt”l, Rav of Kielce and mechaber of many sefarim
Harav Moshe Nachum Yerushalmsky was the son of Harav Binyamin. He was born on 29 Shevat 5615/1855. As a youth, he was considered an iluy.
In 5632/1872, he married the daughter of the nagid Reb Yonah Rosenbaum from Karsilov, who supported his son-in-law so he would be able to devote himself to Torah. During the years he spent near his father-in-law, many Rabbanim from across Europe sent their halachic queries to Reb Moshe Nachum.
Reb Moshe Nachum was a devoted Chassid of Harav Dovid of Tolna, who appointed him Rav in Kaminka in 5640/1880.
Later, Reb Moshe Nachum went to Harav Yochanan of Rachmastrivka, who held him in the highest esteem. The Rebbe wrote him many letters full of praise for his greatness in Torah.
In 5641/1881 Reb Moshe Nachum published his first sefer, Lashad Hashomen, a collection of his notes on the Rambam. The next year he published his responsa, She’eilos U’Teshuvos Minchas Moshe.
Ten years later, in 5652/1892, Reb Moshe Nachum was voted a member of the committee of Rabbanim in Kamenitz-Podolsk. In 5658/1898, he became Rav in Ostralenka.
In 5661/1901, Reb Moshe Nachum published another collection of his responsa, She’eilos U’Teshuvos Be’er Moshe. A year later, in 5662/1902, he was appointed Rav in Kielce, a post he held until his petirah.
He was one of Russia’s foremost Rabbanim and his opinion was sought on every issue.
At the outbreak of World War I, Reb Moshe Nachum fled to Charal in Ukraine, but he did not live there for long. He was niftar on 29 Sivan 5676/1916, at 61.
Zecher tzaddik livrachah.
In 1811, Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.
In 1865, the Secret Service Division of the U.S. Treasury Department was founded in Washington, D.C., with the mission of suppressing counterfeit currency.
In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act.
In 1948, Britain’s National Health Service Act went into effect, providing publicly-financed medical and dental care.
In 1975, the Cape Verde Islands officially became independent after five centuries of Portuguese rule.