This Day In History 28 Sivan/June 22

In 1656/2105 B.C.E., the 40-day rain period during the Mabul came to an end, according to Rabi Yehoshua.

In 2550/1211 B.C.E., Bnei Yisrael arrived in Midbar Paran.

In 3448, 313 B.C.E, after the victory of Geviha ben Pesisa three days earlier, Yishmaelites, Egyptians and Canaanites retreated and left their fields and properties to the Jews.

In 5575/1815, French soldiers returning home from war passed Vilna and desecrated many Jewish graves.

In 5701/1941, after escaping Nazi-occupied Paris, the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Harav Menachem Mendel Schneerson, zt”l, arrived in New York.


Yahrtzeiten

5634/1874, Harav Avraham Chaim Adadi, zt”l, Rav in Tripoli, Libya, and mechaber of Hashomer Emes

5635/1875, Harav Meshulem Feish Levi of Tosh, zt”l

5649/1889, Harav Moshe Yehudah Leib Brisk, zt”l

5708/1948, Harav Shimshon Aharon Polansky, zt”l, Rav of Teplik-Yerushalayim


5751/1991, Harav Yisrael Zeev Gustman, zt”l, Rosh Yeshivah of Netzach Yisrael and mechaber of Kuntresei Shiurim

Harav Yisrael Zev Gustman ben Harav Avraham Tzvi was born in 5670/1910. In his youth, he learned in Yeshivas Mir, where he was the chavrusa of Harav Chaim Shmuelevitz, zt”l, later Rosh Yeshivah of Mir.

From there, he went to learn under Harav Shimon Shkop in Grodno. He became engaged to the daughter of Harav Meir Bessin, Rav of Shnipishock (near Vilna) and member of the beis din of Harav Chaim Ozer Grodzinsky, the Rav of Vilna.

Harav Meir was niftar between the engagement and the wedding, and Reb Yisrael Zev was appointed to fill his place on the beis din and as Rav of Shnipishock. He was also appointed Rosh Yeshivah of Yeshivas Ramailles in Vilna.

During the war, Reb Yisrael Zev hid from the Nazis with the partisans in the forests. After the war, he became the Rav of the remnants of the community in Vilna.

His son, Meir, was killed during the war.

In 5709/1949, he was able to escape to America, where he re-established his yeshivah in Crown Heights.

In 5631/1971, he moved the yeshivah to the Rechaviah neighborhood in Yerushalayim.

Reb Yisrael Zev is best known for his multi-volume Kuntresei Shiurim, an edited and expanded version of his weekly shiurim, which set forth a new concept in learning Gemara. His analysis is topical and far ranging as his Rebbe’s, Rav Shimon Shkop’s, but his conceptual approach to the various sugyos is unique. Each topic is examined in its entirety, following a logical sequence of its elements.

On 28 Sivan 5751/1991, Reb Yisrael Zev was niftar at the age of 81. Reb Yisrael Zev was buried on Har Hazeisim.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


June 22

In 1870, the United States Department of Justice was created.

In 1940, during World War II, Adolf Hitler gained a stunning victory as France was forced to sign an armistice eight days after German forces overran Paris.

In 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944, more popularly known as the “GI Bill of Rights.”

In 1945, the World War II battle for Okinawa ended with an Allied victory.