This Day In History – 28 Sivan/June 11

28 Sivan

In 1656, the 40-day rain period during the mabul came to an end, according to Rabi Yehoshua.

In 3448, after the victory of Geviha ben Pesisa three days earlier, Ishmaelites, Egyptians, and Canaanites retreated and left their fields and properties to the Jews.

In 5701/1941, after escaping Nazi-occupied Paris, the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Harav Menachem Mendel Schneerson, zt”l, arrived in New York.


Yahrtzeiten

5489/1729, Harav Menachem, zt”l, mechaber of Zera Berach

5634/1874, Harav Avaraham Chaim Adadi, zt”l, Rav in Tripoli, Libya, and mechaber of Hashomer Emes

5635/1875, Harav Meshulem Feish Loevi, Rebbe of Tosh, zy”a

5649/1889, Harav Moshe Yehuda Leib Brisk, zt”l

5751/1991, Harav Yisrael Zeev Gustman, zt”l, Rosh Yeshivah of Netzach Yisrael and mechaber of Kuntres Ha’shiurim


5708/1948

Harav Shimshon Aharon Polansky, Zt”l, Rav of Teplik-Yerushalayim

Harav Shimshon Aharon Polonsky was born in 5636/1776 in Vohlin, near Cherkass, in the Kiev region. His father, Harav Avraham Yitzchak, zt”l, was a noted talmid chacham whose forebears served as Rabbanim in the Vohlin area for several generations.

Rav Shimshon Aharon was a talmid of Harav Avraham Shmuel Blechman, a leading posek in Ukraine, and later became his son-in-law.

At the age of 20, Rav Shimshon Aharon was appointed Rav in Midova, in the Kiev region. Some five years later, he became Rav in Teplik, near Podolia and soon grew famous as a posek of note.

He was close with the Rebbes in the region, the Rebbes of Skver, Tolna and others.

In 5682/1922, he came to Kishinev together with many refugees from Ukraine, following the riots. He helped found a yeshivah there, and was its Rosh Yeshivah for a while.

But his goal was to go to Eretz Yisrael. In 5685/1925 he left with his wife and two daughters, Harav Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld having arranged the needed certificates for the family.

Rav Shimshon Aharon settled in Yerushalayim’s Beis Yisrael neighborhood. He served as Rav there, and taught younger Rabbanim.

His talmidim include Harav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, Harav Chanoch Padwa of London, Harav Yosef Shalom Elyashiv, Harav Shmuel Wosner and Harav Ovadiah Yosef, zecher tzaddikim livrachah.

He was very devoted to helping other Yidden; even in his later years, when he was ill, he did not refrain from doing chessed for others.

When he was sick with his final illness, Rav Shimshon Aharon told his son-in-law that he had bought a plot on Har Hazeisim. He added that he would be niftar in two months’ time, when it would be impossible to transport him to Har Hazeisim, so they should bury him temporarily in Sanhedria; when there would be an opportunity within the next two years to transfer his kever to Har Hazeisim, it should be done.

Rav Shimshon Aharon was niftar on 28 Sivan 5708/1948, at the height of the Israeli War of Independence. Interred in Sanhedria, he was later reburied on Har Hazeisim.

Rav Shimshon Aharon’s chiddushim were compiled in the sefer Divrei Aharon.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


June 11

In 1776, the Continental Congress appointed a committee to draft the Declaration of Independence. It included Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert Livingston.

In 1944, the five Allied landing groups, made up of some 330,000 troops, linked up in Normandy to form a single solid front across northwestern France.

In 1963, the University of Alabama was desegregated when Gov. George Wallace ended his blockade of the university, allowing two African-American students to enroll.

In 1967, the Six-Day War between Israel and the surrounding Arab states ended with a U.N.-brokered ceasefire.

In 1989, China issued a warrant for a leading Chinese dissident who had taken refuge in the U.S. embassy in Beijing.