This Day In History 27 Elul/September 30

Third day of Creation: Hashem created the seas, the grass and the trees. This is the only day on which the Torah states twice “and Hashem saw that it was good.” Therefore, many tzaddikim referred to Tuesday as the “yom shehuchpal bo ki tov” — the day in which “it is good” is doubled.

In 5374/1614, the Jews of Frankfurt-am-Main were expelled; a taanis tzibbur was instituted to commemorate the expulsion.

In 5497/1737, the Jews of New York were barred from voting.


5479/1719, Harav Moshe Segal of Lvov, zt”l. He was known as “Rosh Hagolah U’manhig Hamedinah.”

5486/1726, Harav Yitzchak Chiyus, zt”l, Rav in Skolya

5560/1800, Harav Nosson Hakohen Adler of Frankfurt, zt”l

5593/1833, Harav Yaakov Leib of Kvahl, zt”l

5615/1855, Harav Shalom of Belz, zt”l

5633/1873, Harav Binyamin Tzvi Orbach, zt”l, mechaber of Nachal Eshkol

Shaar blatt of Menuchas Moshe
Shaar blatt of Menuchas Moshe

5649/1889, Harav Moshe Nosson Nota Jungreis, zt”l, the Menuchas Moshe

Born in 5592/1832, Harav Moshe Nosson Nota Jungreis was the son of Harav Asher Anshel, Rav of Tchenger and author of Menuchas Asher. His mother was the daughter of Meir Almashder, Rav in Mattersdorf. His famous brothers were Rav Avraham, Rav in Tchenger, and Rav Shmuel Zev, Rav in Bahim.

He married the daughter of Harav Chaim Yosef Dov Kahana-Heller, Rav of Krasna.

Reb Moshe Nota, as he was called, was a talmid chacham, renowned for his mesirus nefesh for Torah. He learned standing up to keep himself awake, and fasted often.

He dispensed sage advice, especially concerning health issues.

Some of his sefarim are She’eilos U’teshuvos Menuchas Moshe and Toras Moshe Nosson on Torah.

He was niftar on 27 Elul 5649/1889.

His sons were Rav Asher Anshel, Rav in Diandiash, and Rav Shmuel Chaim of Wamash-Mikolay. His sons-in-law were Harav Moshe Aharon Mandelbaum, Rav of Marash-Washarelli, and Harav Menachem Mendel Lemberger, Rav of Tisa Polgar.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arrives for the Munich Agreement, September 15, 1938. (Bundesarchiv)
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arrives for the Munich Agreement, September 15, 1938. (Bundesarchiv)

Sept. 30

In 1777, the Continental Congress — forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces — moved to York, Pennsylvania.

In 1846, Boston dentist William Morton used ether as an anesthetic for the first time as he extracted an ulcerated tooth from merchant Eben Frost.

In 1938, after co-signing the Munich Agreement allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain said, “I believe it is peace for our time.”

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