This Day In History 27 Elul/September 18

27 Elul

Third day of Creation: Hashem created the seas, the grass and the trees. This is the only day in which the Torah states twice “and Hashem saw that it was good.” Therefore, many tzaddikim referred to Tuesday as the “yom shehuchpal bo ki tov” — the day in which “it is good” is doubled.

In 5374/1614, the Jews of Frankfurt-am-Main were expelled; a taanis tzibbur was instituted to commemorate the expulsion.

In 5497/1737, the Jews of New York were barred from voting.


Yahrtzeiten

5479/1719, Harav Moshe Segal, Rav of Lvov, zt”l. He was known as “Rosh HaGola Umanhig Ha’medinah.”

5593/1833, Harav Yaakov Leib, Rav of Kvahl, zt”l

5615/1855, Harav Shalom, Rebbe of Belz, zt”l, known as the Sar Shalom, founder of the Belz dynasty


5560/1800

Harav Nosson Hakohen Adler of Frankfurt, zt”l

Known respectfully as the Nesher Hagadol (“The Great Eagle”) Harav Nosson Adler (“eagle” in German) was born in 5502/1742, in Frankfurt-am-Main. His father was Harav Yaakov Shimon Hakohen, zt”l, a disciple of the Pnei Yehoshua.

Reb Nosson at the age of six was famous as a wonder child. From his youth, he immersed himself exclusively in the four cubits of Torah and halachah. Rav Nosson never spent time in idle talk; rather, he utilized every moment in serving his Creator. The Chida writes about him that from the age of nine his heart never strayed to mundane matters! This statement was so unique that it is recorded on Rav Nosson’s matzeivah.

He was a son-in-law of Harav Dovid Strauss, zt”l, Rav of Piroda.

He studied Torah under the greatest men of his generation, among them Harav Avraham Abish of Frankfurt, the Birchas Avraham; Harav Yaakov Shimon, a talmid of the Pnei Yehoshua; and Harav Dovid Tebeli Schiff, Rav of London, zecher tzaddikim livrachah.

Rav Nosson’s home was always open to anyone.

Rav Nosson’s Rebbetzin maintained a business through which she supported the family and enabled her great husband to sit and learn. In 5542/1782 he became Rav in Boskowitz, but after four years he returned to Frankfurt.

Rav Nosson suffered much persecution, both in his home town of Frankfurt and after becoming Rav in Boskowitz. In those times the haskalah movement reared its ugly head, and Rav Nosson as well as his talmidim fought them vehemently.

Among his disciples was the famed Chasam Sofer. The Chasam Sofer was devoted to his Rebbe to such an extent that when Rav Nosson was niftar, the Chasam Sofer found out about it in a dream in which he envisioned a sefer Torah draped in black.

Rav Nosson never recorded any chiddushim, claiming that writing Torah Sheb’al Peh is only permitted because of forgetfulness, and since he never forgot one word he learned he was not allowed to record his chiddushim.

Rav Nosson was a kohen meyuchas, a descendant of the Yalkut Shimoni, and he performed Birkas Kohanim every day. He attested that when the Beis Hamikdash will be rebuilt he will perform the avodah. He was niftar on 27 Elul 5560.

Zechuso yagein aleinu.


September 18

In 14 C.E., the Roman Senate officially confirmed Tiberius as the second emperor of the Roman Empire, succeeding the late Augustus.

In 1793, President George Washington laid the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol.

In 1810, Chile made its initial declaration of independence from Spain with the forming of the First Government Junta.

In 1947, the National Security Act, which created a national military establishment and the position of secretary of defense, went into effect.