In 1657/2105 B.C.E., “the earth dried up” (Bereishis 8:14), completing the 365 days of the Mabul. On this day Hashem commanded Noach to come out of the teivah and repopulate, settle and civilize the earth.
5270/1509, Harav Yaakov Chaviv, zt”l, mechaber of Ein Yaakov
5457/1696, Harav Dovid, zt”l, mechaber of Ir Dovid, Ir Miklat and Sharvit Hazahav
5609/1848, Harav Meir Binyamin Menachem Dunin, zt”l, mechaber of Be’er Hasadeh
5701/1940, Harav Dovid Friedman, Hy”d, the Rebbe of Ployesht
5757/1996, Harav Shmuel Halevi Ashlag, zt”l
5759/1998, Harav Yaakov Leser, zt”l, Pshevorsker Rebbe of Antwerp
Harav Refael Ashkenazi of Izmir, zt”l, mechaber of Mar’eh Einayim
Harav Refael Ashkenazi was the son of Rav Yehudah, who passed away when his son was only seven years old. When Rav Refael grew up, he arranged for the publication of his father’s sefer, Machaneh Yehudah.
Rav Refael was the Chief Rabbi of Izmir, Turkey, and was known for settling disputes in the city, making peace reign in the local kehillah.
He also served as Dayan, and headed a yeshivah.
A baal yissurim, he suffered many illnesses in his lifetime.
Rav Refael was the author of many sefarim. All his sefarim begin with the name Mar’eh, an abbreviation of Moreinu Refael Ashkenazi. They include Mar’eh Einayim, a compilation of mar’ei mekomos on the entire Shas; Mar’eh Hanogah, his chiddushim on the Rambam; Mar’eh Hagadol, his drashos; and Mar’eh Adam, his she’eilos u’teshuvos.
Rav Refael was niftar on 27 Cheshvan, 5586/1825, in Izmir.
Zecher tzaddik livrachah.
In 1520, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait that now bears his name.
In 1861, the Confederate Congress admitted Missouri as the 12th state of the Confederacy after Missouri’s disputed secession from the Union.
In 1964, the United States launched the space probe Mariner 4 on a course toward Mars, which it flew past in July 1965, sending back pictures of the red planet.
In 2001, Enron Corp., once the world’s largest energy trader, collapsed after would-be rescuer Dynegy Inc. backed out of an $8.4 billion takeover deal. (Enron filed for bankruptcy protection four days later.)