This day in History 26 Adar II/April 2

Virginia State Capitol in 1865, used as the Confederate Capitol. To the left is the Customs House, used by the Confederate Department of the Treasury and the offices of the President and Vice-President.

26 Adar II

In 5004/1244, the pope issued a bill ordering the burning of the Talmud.

In 5437/1677, the Jewish community of Newport, R.I., bought land for a cemetery.

Yahrtzeiten

5573/1813, Harav Eliezer Lipa of Chmielnik, zy”a, son of the Rebbe Harav Elimelech of Lizhensk, zy”a

5762/2002, Harav Avraham Chaim Brim of Yerushalayim, zt”l


5682/1922

Harav Moshe Nachum Wallenstein, Zt”l, Rav of the Perushim in Yerushalayim

Harav Moshe Nachum Wallenstein was born in Pupa, Hungary, in 5601/1841.

He learned in the yeshivah of Harav Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer, zt”l, the Ksav Sofer, in Pressburg. He was one of the closest talmidim of the Ksav Sofer and received semichah from him.

Later, Rav Moshe Nachum went on to the yeshivah of Harav Aharon Dovid Deitsch, zt”l, the mechaber of Goren Dovid, in Balat.

In 5624/1864, Rav Moshe Nachum moved to Eretz Yisrael. Harav Shimon Deutsch, zt”l, one of the closest talmidim of the Chasam Sofer and a founder of Kollel Shomrei Hachomos in Yerushalayim, took Rav Moshe Nachum as his son-in-law. In Yerushalayim, Rav Moshe Nachum continued learning Torah with hasmadah, and became a posek of stature.

Rav Moshe Nachum, among the leading talmidei chachamim in Yerushalayim at the time, was chosen in 5663/1903 to be the third Dayan on the beis din of Harav Yehoshua Leib Diskin, zt”l. In 5668/1908, he was named Rosh Beis Din.

Rav Moshe Nachum, in the manner of the Chasam Sofer before him, stood in the breach to protect Yerushalayim from those who wished to destroy true chinuch and the unique character of the religious Jew.

Later, Rav Moshe Nachum was part of the founding group of the beis din of the Eidah Hachareidis in Yerushalayim.

Although Rav Moshe Nachum disbursed funds as head of Kollel Ungarin, he himself lived in poverty; but with hashkafas ha’emes, he made do with what he had.

Rav Moshe Nachum was niftar on 26 Adar 5682/1922 at the age of 81. He was buried in Yerushalayim.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


April 2

In 1792, Congress passed the Coinage Act, which authorized establishment of the U.S. Mint.

In 1863, during the Civil War, the Richmond Bread Riot erupted in the Confederate capital as a mob, outraged over food shortages and rising prices, attacked and looted stores.

In 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis and most of his Cabinet fled the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, because of advancing Union forces.

In 1917, President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress to declare war against Germany, saying, “The world must be made safe for democracy.” Congress declared war four days later.