In 4859/1099,the Crusaders captured Yerushalayim from the Muslims.
In 5415/1655, Chmielnicki’s hordes attacked Vilna, killing many Jews. Hy”d.
In 5615/1855, Harav Avraham Yaakov of Sadigura, zy”a (the son of Harav Yisrael of Ruzhin, zy”a) was released from prison. He celebrated that day as a Yom Tov.
5330/1570, Harav Moshe Cordovero, zt”l, the Ramak
5509/1749, Harav Yechezkel Katzenellenbogen, zt”l, mechaber of Knesses Yechezkel
5699/1939, Harav Shaul Moshe Zilberman, zt”l, the Viershover Rav
5609/1849, Harav Yaakov Yosef of Ostroha, Zt”l
Harav Yaakov Yosef of Ostroha was the son of Harav Pinchas, zy”a, the son of the famed Harav Yaakov Yosef of Ostroha, zy”a (after whom he was named), known as Rav Yeivai (an acronym of Yaakov Yosef ben Yehudah).
He succeeded his father as Rebbe after his petirah on 25 Kislev, the first day of Chanukah, 5666/1805. Rav Yaakov Yosef became the leader of an outstanding and sharp group of chassidim.
Rav Yaakov Yosef was a leading talmid and chassid of the Rebbe Harav Baruch of Mezhibuzh, zy”a. He was noted for his fiery tefillos, filled with dveikus.
Due to a libel against him, Rav Yaakov Yosef was imprisoned together with Harav Avraham Twersky of Trisk, zy”a. They were released after the trial and those who spread the libel were imprisoned for bringing about the false claims against them.
In the summer of 5609/1849, Rav Yaakov Yosef traveled to Yompola for a visit to the chassidim who lived there. He declared that he would not return to Ostroha; while on this visit, he was suddenly niftar, on 23 Tammuz.
Rav Yaakov Yosef’s sons were Harav Avraham of Kiniev; Harav Elyakim Getzel of Ostroha; and Harav Yitzchak Eizik of Ostroha.
His sons-in-law were Harav Baruch of Konstantin, the son of Harav Yosef of Ostilla; Harav Moshe of Koristchov; Harav Dov Ber of Lechovitch; and Harav Yaakov Shamshon Hager of Kossov.
Some of Rav Yaakov Yosef’s divrei Torah are quoted in the sefarim Sifran shel Tzaddikim and Kol Yehudah.
Zechuso yagen aleinu.
In 1777, during the American Revolution, British forces captured Fort Ticonderoga.
In 1854, the first official meeting of the Republican Party took place in Jackson, Mich.
In 1885, French scientist Louis Pasteur tested an anti-rabies vaccine on 9-year-old Joseph Meister, who had been bitten by an infected dog. The boy did not develop rabies.
In 1917, during World War I, Arab forces led by T.E. Lawrence and Auda Abu Tayi captured the port of Aqaba from the Ottoman Turks.
In 1923, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed.