This Day in History – 23 Kislev/November 26

This poster was issued by the Office of Price Administration in Washington, to inform motorists registering for gasoline rationing "who gets what" in rations. (AP Photo)
This poster was issued by the Office of Price Administration in Washington, to inform motorists registering for gasoline rationing “who gets what” in rations. (AP Photo)

23 Kislev

In 5109/1348, Rudolph of Oron claimed Jews had confessed to poisoning wells (he was later proven to have lied), prompting the Black Death riots against the Jews of Europe, which cost tens of thousands of lives over the next years. Hy”d.

Yahrtzeiten

5453/1692, Harav Avraham Oppenheim, zt”l

5516/1755, Harav Mordechai Heilpren of Ostraha, zt”l

5575/1814, Harav Avraham of Oleinov, zt”l

5703/1942, Harav Elimelech Lowy of Tosh, zt”l


 

5698/1937

Harav Dovid Twersky of Yass, zt”l

Harav Dovid Twersky was the son of Harav Mordechai Zusya of Hotzalas, a descendant of the Chernobyl dynasty.

Reb Dovid married the daughter of his uncle Harav Yisrael Shalom Yosef Friedman of Bohush (Reb Mordechai Zusya was a son-in-law of Harav Yitzchak of Bohush).

After his marriage, Reb Dovid settled in Bohush near his father-in-law. There he founded a yeshivah in 5668/1908, appointing as Roshei Yeshivah Harav Shimshon Aharon Derbaremdiger and Harav Yoel Zimmerman.

He appointed his sons-in-law, Harav Menachem Mendel Friedman, son of Harav Dovid of Bohush, and Reb Dovid as the hanhalah of the yeshivah. This was the only functioning yeshivah in Romania proper.

Following the petirah of his father-in-law on 23 Nissan 5683/1923, his two sons-in-law were appointed Rebbes in his place.

From Bohush, Reb Dovid moved to Yass.

He was revered for his exemplary middos, and his home was open to all at all times of day and night.

Reb Dovid was niftar on 23 Kislev 5698/1937.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.


 

November 26

November 26, 1883, former slave and abolitionist Sojourner Truth died in Battle Creek, Michigan.

In 1941, U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull delivered a note to Japan’s ambassador to the United States, Kichisaburo Nomura, proposing an agreement for “lasting and extensive peace throughout the Pacific area.” The same day, a Japanese naval task force consisting of six aircraft carriers left the Kuril Islands, headed toward Hawaii.

In 1942, President Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing, beginning December 1.

In 1943, during World War II, the HMT Rohna, a British transport ship carrying American soldiers, was hit by a German missile off Algeria; 1,138 men were killed.

In 1949, India adopted a constitution as a republic within the British Commonwealth.

In 1950, China entered the Korean War, launching a counter-offensive against soldiers from the United Nations, the U.S. and South Korea.

In 1965, France launched its first satellite, sending a 92-pound capsule into orbit.

In 1973, President Nixon’s personal secretary, Rose Mary Woods, told a federal court that she’d accidentally caused part of the 18½-minute gap in a key Watergate tape.

In 1986, President Ronald Reagan appointed a commission, headed by former Senator John Tower, to investigate his National Security Council staff in the wake of the Iran-Contra affair.