This Day In History 22 Sivan/June 28

Shaar blatt of Talmud Yerushalmi with the commentary Korban Ha’edah.
Shaar blatt of Talmud Yerushalmi with the commentary Korban Ha’edah.

22 Sivan

In 5285/1525, the pope ordered the Jews of Carpentras, France, to wear distinctive yellow hats.

In 5416 /1656, the West India Company directors ordered Peter Stuyvesant to permit the Jews to trade and own real estate in New Amsterdam (which became New York).


Yahrtzeiten

5591/1831, Harav David Deutsch, zt”l, mechaber of Ohel David

5625/1865, Harav Moshe Yeruchem of Kotzk, zt”l

5668/1908, Harav Eliyahu Bechor Chazan, zt”l, mechaber of Taalumos Lev

5675/1915, Harav Yosef Leib Sofer of Paksh, zt”l, author of Yalkut Sofer

5717/1957, the Vasloier Rebbe, Harav Chaim Dov Halperin, zt”l

5733/1973, Harav Isamar Rosenbaum of Nadvorna, zt”l

5764/2004, Harav Yitzchak Shlomo Ungar, zt”l, Rav of Chug Chasam Sofer

5764/2004, Harav Yisrael Mordechai of Rachmastrivka–Yerushalayim, zt”l


5522/1762

Harav David Mirels (Frankel), zt”l, mechaber of
Korban Ha’edah on Yerushalmi

Harav David Mirels (Frankel) was the son of Harav Naftali Hirsh. He was born in Berlin.

As an adult, Harav David first served as Rav in Dessau and then was appointed Rav of Berlin in 5502/1742.

He was known for his greatness in Torah as well as his wealth and was renowned for his works of tzedakah and chessed.

Harav David devoted himself to the study of Talmud Yerushalmi, which had been largely neglected. He gave it great impetus with his commentary, Korban Ha’edah. The Korban Ha’edah covers the sedarim of Moed, Nashim and Nezikin. It is found on the outer side of a gemara page.

His other notes on the Yerushalmi, found at the bottom of the page, called Shiyarei Korban, provide solutions to inaccuracies in the text.

The Avnei Nezer writes in the name of his father-in-law, the Kotzker Rebbe, that with the Korban Ha’edah one is able to understand the Yerushalmi.

Reb David was niftar on 22 Sivan 5522/1762.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.


June 28

In 1778, the Revolutionary War Battle of Monmouth took place in New Jersey; from this battle arose the legend of “Molly Pitcher,” a woman who was said to have carried water to colonial soldiers, then taken over firing her husband’s cannon when he became injured.

In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in France, ending the First World War.

In 1940, President Roosevelt signed the Alien Registration Act, also known as the Smith Act, which required adult foreigners residing in the United States to be registered and fingerprinted.