In 4856/1096, the Crusaders arrived in the city of Weltzk, assembled all the Jews and led them to their deaths. Hy”d.
2310, according to most opinions, Yosef Hatzaddik. He was also born on this date, in 2200. (According to other opinions he was niftar on 27 Tammuz.)
5525/1765, Harav Nachman of Horodenka, zt”l
5649/1889, Harav Avraham Twersky, zt”l, the Trisker Maggid
5678/1918, Harav Eliezer Nisan, Rebbe of Dzikov, zt”l
Harav Mordechai Zev Itinga, Zt”l, Mechaber of Meforshei Hayam
Harav Mordechai Zev Itinga, the son of Harav Yitzchak Aharon, was born in 5565/1805.
In his younger years, he learned under Harav Naftali Hertz Sochotchov, zt”l, Rav of Lvov. Later he learned under his famous uncle Harav Mordechai Zev Orenstein, zt”l, the Yeshuos Yaakov.
Rav Mordechai Zev was a renowned talmid chacham who dedicated his entire time to learning Torah. Although he could have served as a Rav, he preferred not to support himself through Torah.
His greatness in Torah and halachah is evident in Maamar Mordechai, his correspondence with the other Gedolim of his generation.
His sefarim include Magen Gibborim on Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim, which has become one of the basic sefarim on Orach Chaim; and his notes, written with his brother-in-law Harav Yosef Shaul Natansohn, zt”l, under the name Meforshei Hayam.
Rav Mordecai Zev was known for his tzedakah and acts of chessed, especially for the poor of Eretz Yisrael.
He was niftar on 2 Tammuz 5623/1863.
Zecher tzaddik livrachah.
In 1775, the Second Continental Congress voted unanimously to appoint George Washington head of the Continental Army.
In 1836, Arkansas became the 25th state.
In 1844, Charles Goodyear received a patent for his process to strengthen rubber.
In 1944, American forces began their successful invasion of Saipan during World War II. Meanwhile, B-29 Superfortresses made their first raids on Japan.