This Day in History – 19 Tammuz/July 2

Kever of Harav Moshe Frisherman, zy”a, Tomashover Rebbe in New York, brother of Harav Yehoshua Frisherman, zy”a. Rav Moshe is buried at Wellwood Cemetery on Long Island.

19 Tammuz

In 5701/1941, 6,000 Lithuanian Jews were killed in Viszalsyan camp, Hy”d.


5434/1674, Harav Aharon Shmuel Koidenover, zt”l, mechaber of Bircas Hazevach

5719/1959, Harav Yitzchak Herzog, zt”l, Chief Rabbi of Israel

5725/1965, Harav Eliezer Yehudah Finkel, zt”l, Rosh Yeshivah, Mir

5758/1998, Harav Benzion Abba Shaul, Rosh Yeshivah, Porat Yosef, zt”l


Harav Yehoshua Frisherman, Rebbe of Tomashov, Zy”a

Harav Yehoshua Frisherman was born in 5585/1825. His father was Rav Yosef, Rav of Yaritshov–Tomashov, zt”l. He married the daughter of Harav Aryeh Leib Kanner, son-in-law of Rav Tzvi Hirsch (Meshares) of Rimanov, zy”a.

A Chassid of many Rebbes of his generation, Reb Yehoshua was especially close with Harav Tzvi Elimelech of Dinov, Harav Chaim Meir Yechiel, the Saraf of Moglenitza; the Sar Shalom of Belz; the Divrei Chaim of Sanz; and Harav Elazar of Kozhnitz, zechusam yagein aleinu.

In his avodas hakodesh, Rav Yehoshua would never rise later than midnight, and he spent his entire day learning. He was a famed baal tzedakah. He was also known for middas hakana’us, never yielding on even the smallest minhag, including the traditional levush.

Rav Yehoshua visited Eretz Yisrael three times and thought of settling there, but this plan failed to materialize.

Rav Yehoshua was niftar on 19 Tammuz, 5666/1906. He was succeeded as Rebbe by his son Harav Yosef Aryeh Leib, zy”a.

His sons-in-law were Harav Yosef Goldmintzer, Dayan in Tomashov; Harav Tzvi Hirsh Elimelech of Halman; and Harav Meir Avraham, Rav in Tomashov, zecher tzaddikim livrachah.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.

President Lyndon B. Johnson meeting with civil rights leaders Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. (L), Whitney Young, and James Farmer in the Oval Office in 1964.

July 2

In 1776, the Continental Congress passed a resolution saying that “these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.”

In 1867, New York’s first elevated rail line, a single track between Battery Place and Greenwich Street, went into operation.

In 1926, the United States Army Air Corps was created.

In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress.