This Day In History 17 Sivan/June 23

17 Sivan
Today marks the beginning of the summer season, according to Rabi Meir (Bava Metzia 106:2).
The residents of Achidas Migdal Shir/Tzor, who aided the enemies of Klal Yisrael (the Yevanim), were expelled from their city by the Chashmona’im on this date. The event is mentioned as “Yom Tov” in Megillas Taanis.
In 1656/2105 B.C.E., according to Rabi Eliezer (Rosh Hashanah 11), the ark of Noach was grounded on the mountains of Ararat (Bereishis 8:5).


Yahrtzeiten
5673/1913, Harav Tzvi Hirsh Broide, zt”l, Rosh Yeshivah of Yeshivas Kelm
5704/1944, Harav Moshe Vorhand of Makova, the Ohel Moshe, zt”l

5632/1872
Harav Aharon of Karlin, zt”l, the Beis Aharon
Harav Aharon of Karlin was born on Rosh Chodesh Sivan 5562/1802. His father, Harav Asher of Stolin, taught him Torah and helped him develop into an exceptional talmid chacham.
One night, when Reb Aharon was still a small boy, he went to wish his father good night. Reb Asher walked his son back to bed and said, “Fortunate is the father who has such a son, and fortunate is the generation that has such a leader.” Reb Asher used to say that in Torah, mitzvos and maasim tovim, Reb Aharon was a great Gadol, and in understanding and wisdom there was no one like him. As for tzidkus — he knew Reb Aharon was a tzaddik.
Harav Moshe of Kobrin said, “I can attest that Reb Aharon goes to sleep with the passuk ‘b’chol levavcha uv’chol nafshecha uv’chol me’odecha’; he wakes up with it; and he walks around with it all day long.”
Reb Aharon davened with great intensity, in the tradition of Karlin. Once, when he visited his son-in-law Harav Avraham Yaakov of Sadigura (the son of Harav Yisrael of Ruzhin), Reb Avraham Yaakov honored him with davening Mussaf before the amud and told his Chassidim, “Listen well. You won’t hear this kind of davening again until Moshiach comes.”
Reb Aharon married the daughter of Harav Mordechai of Kremenitz, who was the son of the Zlochover Maggid.
When Reb Aharon was 25 years old, in 5587/1827, his father was niftar and he was appointed to succeed him as Rebbe. He led the Chassidim for 45 years until his petirah on Sunday, 17 Sivan 5632/1872. He was buried in Malinov. He lived exactly 70 years and 17 days (the gematria of the word tov). His son-in-law Reb Avraham Yaakov said, “Hakadosh Baruch Hu gives tzaddikim complete years, but my holy father-in-law lived another tov days beyond his 70 full years, and in those tov days he davened many more tefillos tovos.”
His divrei Torah are found in the sefer Beis Aharon.
Zechuso yagen aleinu.


June 23
In 1757, forces of the East India Company led by Robert Clive won the Battle of Plassey, which effectively marked the beginning of British colonial rule in India.
In 1938, the Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.
In 1947, the Senate joined the House in overriding President Harry S. Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act, designed to limit the power of organized labor.
In 1956, Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected president of Egypt.