A yom tov is cited in Megillas Taanis, due to the destruction of the book of laws of the Tzedokim, which opposed the true mesorah of Torah sheb’al peh.
In 5058/1298, 250 Jews were killed in Rothenburg, Germany, Hy”d.
In 5161/1401, 30 Jews of Schaffhausen, Switzerland, were burned at the stake as a result of a blood libel, Hy”d.
5479/1719, Harav Shmuel Shatin, zt”l, mechaber of Kos Hayeshuos
5747/1987, Harav Yaakov Yitzchak Ruderman, zt”l, Rosh Yeshivas Ner Yisroel, Baltimore
5760/2000, Harav Yitzchok Eizik Rosenbaum, the Zutchka Rebbe, zt”l
5399/1639, Harav Yosef of Trani, Zt”l, the Maharit
Harav Yosef of Trani was born in Tzfas to Harav Moshe, zt”l, the Mabit. He learned under Harav Shlomo Sagis, zt”l.
When he was just 12 years old his father was niftar. Nevertheless, he continued to thrive in his learning; at a very young age he knew the entire Shas by heart. He reviewed Shas many times, and it was said of him that he even knew how many letters were contained in it.
The leaders of the Tzfas community chose Rav Yosef as their emissary to collect funds for them overseas. Arriving in Constantinople, Rav Yosef was asked by the kehillah there to stay on as their Rav. He agreed, remaining there for a number of years. Among his many talmidim were Harav Yehoshua Benbenishti and his brother Harav Chaim, the mechaber of the Knesses Hagedolah; Harav Chaim Algasi; Harav Yitzchak Alfandri; and Harav Yosef Katzkbi, zecher tzaddikim livrachah.
Rav Yosef was supported by two local affluent Jews so that he would be free to teach Torah.
Rav Yosef was niftar on 14 Tammuz 5399/1639.
He was the mechaber of She’eilos U’Teshuvos Maharit, a three-volume work, and Tzofnas Panei’ach, drushim on the Torah.
His two sons, Rav Yeshayah, zt”l, and Rav Moshe, zt”l, were both Gedolei Torah.
Zecher tzaddik livrachah.
In 1846, New York and Boston were linked by telegraph wires.
In 1905, the Industrial Workers of the World was founded in Chicago.
In 1974, President Richard Nixon opened an official visit to the Soviet Union.
In 1985, the legendary Route 66, which originally stretched from Chicago to Santa Monica, California, passed into history as officials de-certified the road.
In 1990, NASA announced that a flaw in the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope was preventing the instrument from achieving optimal focus. (The problem was traced to a mirror that had not been ground to exact specifications; corrective optics were later installed to fix the problem.)