This Day in History – 13 Elul/September 8

Shaar blatt of sefer Chessed L’Avraham.
Shaar blatt of sefer Chessed L’Avraham.

In 5455/1695, Jews of New York petitioned the governor for permission to exercise their religion in public. Permission was denied, because freedom of religion applied to Christians only.


5361/1601, Harav Moshe Tziprish, zt”l, author of Seder Gittin

5515/1755, Harav Yaakov Yokel Halevi Horowitz of Galona, zt”l

5636/1876, Harav Yaakov Yisrael of Cherkas, zt”l

5638/1878, Harav Yaakov Gezuntheit, zt”l, Rav of Warsaw and mechaber of Tiferes Yaakov

5666/1906, Harav Yehoshua Tzvi Michel Shapiro, zt”l, author of Tzitz Hakodesh

5669/1909, Harav Yosef Chaim of Baghdad, the Ben Ish Chai, zt”l

5669/1909, Harav Yerachmiel Moshe of Koshnitz, zt”l


5652/1892, Harav Avraham Yissachar Dov Rabinowitz, the Chessed L’Avraham of Radomsk, zt”l

Harav Avraham Yissachar Dov Hakohen Rabinowitz was born on 22 Cheshvan 5604/1843 to Harav Shlomo, the Tiferes Shlomo of Radomsk. At the bris, the Tiferes Shlomo spoke about the lofty neshamah that had just entered the world.

Reb Avraham Yissachar learned nigleh and nistar under his father, to whom he was very attached.

On 29 Adar 5626/1866, when Reb Avraham Yissachar was just 22 years old, his world darkened with the petirah of his father and Rebbe. Despite his young age he succeeded his father as Rebbe, and many Chassidim traveled to his court in Radomsk.

In the early years Reb Avraham Yissachar didn’t speak often in public, but with time he began to deliver lengthy divrei Torah. He would quote from across the Torah spectrum.

Reb Avraham Yissachar led the Chassidim for 26 years with love and warmth. He was niftar on 13 Elul 5652/1892 at the age of 48 and was buried in the ohel of his father in Radomsk.

Reb Avraham Yissachar’s divrei Torah were published under the title Chessed L’Avraham.

His sons were Rav Yechezkel, the Knesses Yechezkel, his successor as Rebbe in Radomsk; Rav Nosson Nachum, Rebbe of Krimilov; Rav Shlomo of Elkush; Rav Moshe Elimelech; and Rav Yaakov Yosef of Klabotzk, the author of Emes L’Yaakov.

His sons-in-law were Rav Menachem Mendel Alter, Rav of Pavianitz; Rav Avraham Kalisch of Amshinov; and Harav Mordechai Menachem Kalisch of Otwotzk.

Zechuso yagen aleinu.


SS Morro Castle after the fire; photo taken from the seaward end of the Asbury Park Convention Hall pier, November 1934.
SS Morro Castle after the fire; photo taken from the seaward end of the Asbury Park Convention Hall pier, November 1934.

August 8

In 1892, an early version of “The Pledge of Allegiance,” written by Francis Bellamy, appeared in “The Youth’s Companion.”

In 1900, Galveston, Texas, was struck by a hurricane that killed an estimated 8,000 people.

In 1934, more than 130 people lost their lives in a fire aboard the liner SS Morro Castle off the New Jersey coast.

In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared a “limited national emergency” in response to the outbreak of war in Europe.

In 1944, Nazi Germany fired the first of its V-2 rockets, faster and more powerful than the V-1, into London during World War II.

In 1954, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was founded in Manila by the United States, France, Britain, New Zealand, Australia, the Philippines, Thailand and Pakistan.

In 1964, public schools in Prince Edward County, Virginia, reopened after being closed for five years by officials attempting to prevent court-ordered racial desegregation.

September 1974, President Gerald R. Ford granted a “full, free and absolute pardon” to former President Richard Nixon “for all offenses against the United States which he, Richard Nixon, has committed or may have committed or taken part in during the period from January 20, 1969 through August 9, 1974.”